Abstract: This study aims to explore the cross-border students’ mobility in the Netherland and Ireland, respectively, and to compare the similarities and differences between these two countries. The main methods used in this study include document analysis and comparative study. The main conclusions of this study are summarized as follow: I. As to the development and the current provision of higher education in the Netherland and Ireland: 1.Higher education in both countries have expanded greatly in the past decades and transformed from the traditionally ‘elite’ type to a ‘mass’ one. 2.Higher education systems in both countries are adopting the binary system, and the majority of their higher education institutions are publicly funded, though their funding systems are different. 3.Higher education system in the Netherland has been reformed since 2002, in accordance with the ‘3-cycle degree system’ of the Bologna process, but the 3-cycle degree system has been implemented for quite a long time in Ireland. II. As to the policies related to the cross-border students’ mobility in the Netherland and Ireland: 1.Both countries has established their own ‘codes of practice’ for cross-border students’ mobility. 2.Both countries have implemented European Credits Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) and established diploma supplements(DS), as requested by the Bologna processs.. 3.Both countries have promoted the cross-border students’ mobility by offering the joint degree programmes, and providing grants or scholarships to international students. 4.Both countries have established a nationwide institute responsible for the marketing and international cooperation in higher education. 5.Internatoionalization has been one of the important policies of higher education in both countries. 6. Both countries have established their own quality assurance systems of higher education. . 7.The Netherland has established its own overseas education offices (NESOs) , responsible for the consultation of overseas students., but there is no such kind agency in Ireland.