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    題名: 以魚體運動模式為基礎構建機車運動行為模式之研究
    其他題名: A Study of the Motorcycles Motion Model (MMM) Based on the Behavior of Fish Group
    作者: 范俊海
    貢獻者: 淡江大學運輸管理學系
    關鍵詞: 魚體運動模式;機車運動行為模式;車流模式;The motion behavior of fish group;Motorcycles motion model;Traffic flow model
    日期: 2004
    上傳時間: 2009-03-16 13:36:16 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 對台灣地區交通而言,特殊混和車流為其一大特點。機車與汽車往往因相互爭道而 產生嚴重的衝突行為,此現象表現於混和車道上,尤其明顯。由於機車的體積關係,其 所受到之空間限制較小,常常有足夠的空間進行超車或車道之變換,因此其行駛時之運 動行為和汽車相比,有著很大的差異。就國外而言,因機車數量較少,汽機車的混和車 流問題相較於台灣並不嚴重,故所發展的車流模式大部分只針對汽車,並無針對機車運 動行為模式作較深入的探討。反觀台灣,機車在運具選擇中佔有極大的比例,故如何在 符合國內交通特性下,建構一套機車之運動行為模式,實為一值得深入研究之方向。 本研究將嘗試以魚之運動模式,進行機車運動行為模式之構建。利用魚類與機車的 相似特性,即高機動性、車道概念的薄弱與變換方向的容易度等特性,應用於機車運動 行為模式之探討。希望透過此研究之過程,切實掌握機車之運動特性.並加以模式化;而 所構建出機車之運動行為模式,未來亦能作為提供交通工程師規劃措施及設計控制策略 之評估工具,甚至為反映出真實交通特性,可將其模式套用於現有車流模擬軟體中;此 為本研究之目標。 歸納本研究研究目的可包括有下列數項: 1、分析機車運動行為與魚群行為之異同。 2、建立機車運動行為模式。 3、模擬評估機車車流模式的可靠度。 4、建立車流中機車在車陣中的推進平台。 5、解決擁擠時段的機車運動描述。 It』s a special traffic about mixed traffic flow, especially mixed lanes. As a result the motorcycles are high mobility and can overtake a car with enough space, it is more important than the cars on safety. The numbers of motorcycles on the roads in the overseas are not a lot, so the greater part of the traffic models developed on cars. It is very important to research the traffic flow of motorcycles due to the number of the motorcycles in Taiwan are high proportion. It is to attempt the motion model of fish to build the traffic flow model of motorcycles in this research. We use the similar properties to research deeply like high mobility, the lower sense of lanes, easier lane changing, etc and according to the motion model of fish in the overseas to build the traffic model of motorcycles. We hope more understand on the motion properties of motorcycles by this and to build the traffic model of motorcycles to conform to the real world. It also can be a tool to estimate to offer traffic engineer to plan and control in traffic and attempt to use it in the simulation software in the future. This article will include the following purposes. 1. To compare the some characteristics of fish group and motorcycles. 2. To establish the model of motorcycles motion. 3. To estimate the feasibility of motorcycles motion model (MMM). 4. To build the integrated platform of simulation on the mixed traffic flow. 5. To interpret the behavior of motorcycle motion states.
    顯示於類別:[運輸管理學系暨研究所] 研究報告

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