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    Title: Purification and characterization of two bifunctional chitinases/lysozymes extracellularly produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa K-187 in a shrimp and crab shell powder medium
    Authors: Wang, San-Lang;Chang, Wen-Tsu
    Contributors: 淡江大學生命科學研究所
    Date: 1997-02
    Issue Date: 2013-05-31 11:33:54 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Washington: American Society for Microbiology
    Abstract: Two extracellular chitinases (FI and FII) were purified from the culture supernatant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa K-187. The molecular weights of FI and FII were 30,000 and 32,000, respectively, by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and 60,000 and 30,000, respectively, by gel filtration. The pIs for FI and FII were 5.2 and 4.8, respectively. The optimum pH, optimum temperature, pH stability, and thermal stability of FI were pH 8, 50 degrees C, pH 6 to 9, and 50 degrees C; those of FII were pH 7, 40 degrees C, pH 5 to 10, and 60 degrees C. The activities of both enzymes were activated by Cu2+; strongly inhibited by Mn2+, Mg2+, and Zn2+; and completely inhibited by glutathione, dithiothreitol, and 2-mercaptoethanol. Both chitinases showed lysozyme activity. The purified enzymes had antibacterial and cell lysis activities with many kinds of bacteria. This is the first report of a bifunctional chitinase/lysozyme from a prokaryote.
    Relation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63(2), pp.380-386
    Appears in Collections:[生命科學研究所] 期刊論文

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