Salen-type Ru(III) complexes are found to be capable of reacting with physiologically acceptable oxidants. The water solubility and DNA affinity of these Ru(III)-salen complexes are enhanced by the utilization of a variety of charged groups through the formation of peptide bonds. In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, modified Ru(III)-salen complexes are capable of nicking DNA. In addition, the reactivity in DNA cleavage increases along with the total number of positive charges retaining in Ru( III)-salen complexes and less influence in the electronic effect. Using /sup 32/P-end-labeled oligonucleotides and high resolution polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Ru(III)-salen complexes are found to randomly cleave DNA regardless of the DNA secondary conformation such as bulge, inter-loop, or double-stranded regions. The possible reactive species of Ru(III)-salen complexes in DNA cleavage is considered as the hydroxyl radical and high valent oxoruthenium (IV) species according to the UV titration, quenching studies, and reaction with varied oxidants.
Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society=中國化學會會誌 45(5), pp.611-617