We have shown previously that the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA1) can act as a transforming suppressor in the HER2/neu-overexpressing ovarian cancer cells. In the present study, by using flow cytometric analysis, we demonstrate that EBNA1 could prolong G(2)/M phase and sensitize to Taxol-induced apoptosis in the EBNA1-expressing ovarian cancer cell stable transfectants. In addition, EBNA1 could also significantly increase topoisomerase IIalpha protein expression, indicating that the up-regulation of topoisomerase IIalpha may be one of the mechanisms by which EBNA1 enhances the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to topoisomerase II-targeting anticancer drugs, such as VP-16 and Adriamycin. These data suggest that EBNA1 not only prolongs cell cycle at G(2)/M phase and up-regulates topoisomerase IIalpha expression in HER2/neu-overexpressing ovarian cancer cells, but also increases cellular apoptosis through sensitization of cancer cells to topoisomerase II-directing anticancer drugs.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 307(3), pp.653-659