From the middle period of the Qing dynasty, Chinese clustered to live in West Borneo. Under the foreign circumstances they built up a self-sufficient economic institution and organized it in a way of company: Chinese Kongsi. The connotation of it included, besides setting up the cooperative function of production to maintain their livelihood, establishing the rights and obligations of compulsory labor to regulate taxes, the legal system to judge right and wrong, and both temples and shrines to teach the matters of filial respect, loyalty and righteousness, and an armed guard to secure its own homestead.The Kongsi's organization structure, inheriting the characteristics of its hometown community, based on the basis of people out of the same geographical and blood relation. It played the main role for overseas Chinese societies to settle down as a symbiotic type in the foreign countries. Through history methodology and the methods of related social science theory the propositions made in this article might be a thoughtful historical explanation.