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    題名: The Essence of Competence Concept: Adopting an Organization's Sustained Competitive Advantage Viewpoint
    作者: Chen, Hai-ming;Chang, Wen-yen
    貢獻者: 淡江大學經營決策學系
    關鍵詞: competence;core competence;sustained competitive advantage;person-organization fit;person-job fit;shared values;mutual trust;mutual investment
    日期: 2010-11
    上傳時間: 2011-10-04 11:19:56 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    摘要: Previous scholars considered competence a ‘fuzzy concept’ and addressed confusions such as ‘competency vs. competence’ and ‘competence vs. core competence’. However, the issue ‘What is the essence of employee competence?’ remains unclear. By inference, the essence of competence is addressed in adoption of an organization's sustained competitive advantage viewpoint different from the traditional viewpoint of enhancing individual employability. This paper contends that employee competence is strategically driven by organizational core competence. Psychologically, employee competence and organizational core competence are similar and linked in terms of person–organization fit and person–job fit. A contextual competence framework is established enlightening the essence of employee competence and redefines competence as a ‘temporary asset’ rooted in the interactively organizational context.Contextual variables including shared values, mutual trust and mutual investment bolster the alignment between employee competence and organizational core competence and develop employee competence as firm-specific, thus becoming a source for sustained organizational competitive advantage.
    關聯: Journal of Management & Organization 16(5), pp.677-699
    DOI: 10.5172/jmo.2010.16.5.677
    顯示於類別:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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