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    题名: Videoconference program enhances social support, loneliness, and depressive status of elderly nursing home residents
    作者: Tsai, Hsiu-Hsin;Tsai, Yun-Fang;Wang, Hsiu-Hung;Chang, Yue-Cune;Chu, Hao-Hua
    贡献者: 淡江大學數學學系
    关键词: videoconference;nursing home;elderly;social support;depression;loneliness
    日期: 2010-11
    上传时间: 2011-10-01 21:12:55 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Abingdon: Routledge
    摘要: Objectives: The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a videoconference intervention program in improving nursing home residents' social support, loneliness, and depressive status. Methods: Fourteen nursing homes were selected from various areas of Taiwan by purposive sampling. Elderly residents (N = 57) of these nursing homes, who met our inclusion criteria were divided into experimental (n = 24) and control (n = 33) groups. The experimental group received five min/week of videoconference interaction with their family members for three months, and the control group received regular care only. Data were collected through face-to face interviews on social support, loneliness, and depressive status using the Social Supportive Behavior Scale, University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale, respectively, at three points (baseline, one week, and three months after baseline). Data were analyzed using the generalized estimating equation approach. Results: Subjects in the experimental group had significantly higher mean emotional and appraisal social support scores at one week and three months after baseline than those in the control group. Subjects in the experimental group also had lower mean loneliness scores at one week and three months after baseline than those in the control group, and lower mean depressive status scores at three months after baseline. Conclusion: Our videoconference program alleviated depressive symptoms and loneliness in elderly residents in nursing homes. Our findings suggest that this program could be used for residents of long-term care institutions, particularly those with better ability to perform activities of daily living.
    關聯: Aging & Mental Health 14(8), pp.947-954
    DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2010.501057
    显示于类别:[數學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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