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    題名: Persistent cognitive decline in older hospitalized patients in Taiwan
    作者: Chen, Cheryl Chia-Hui;Chang, Yue-Cune;Huang, Guan-Hua;Peng, Jui-Hua;Tseng, Chien-Ning
    貢獻者: 淡江大學數學學系
    關鍵詞: acute care;cognitive decline;cognitive impairment;nursing;older hospitalized people
    日期: 2010-09
    上傳時間: 2011-10-01 21:09:50 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    摘要: Aim. This paper is a report of a study conducted to determine the prevalence and predictors of persistent and transient cognitive decline in older hospitalized patients over 6 months after hospital discharge. Background. Cognitive decline occurs in 16–35·5% of older hospitalized patients, but this decline may be persistent rather than transient. Distinguishing persistent from transient cognitive decline is clinically useful. Methods. For this prospective cohort study, 291 older patients were recruited from five medical and surgical units at a tertiary medical centre in Taiwan between 2004 and 2006. Participants were assessed for cognitive status by scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination at admission, discharge, 3 and 6 months postdischarge. Persistent cognitive decline was defined as continuing score reduction and ≥3-point reduction 6 months postdischarge. Transient decline was defined as ≥3-point reduction at some stage, with a total decline <3 points 6 months postdischarge. Findings. The cognitive status of the majority of participants (57·4%, n = 167) decreased ≥3 points during follow-up. Of these decliners, 59 (35·3%) had persistent cognitive decline, with an average 5·32-point reduction 6 months postdischarge. Forty-six (27·5%) participants experienced transient cognitive decline. After multiple adjustments in logistic regression analysis, persistent decline was predicted by no in-hospital functional decline (OR = 0·16, P = 0·002), more re-admissions after discharge (OR = 2·42, P = 0·020), and older age (OR = 1·09, P = 0·048). Conclusion. A new perspective is needed on discharge planning on patients at risk for persistent cognitive decline. Nurses can oversee the delivery of care, identify cognitive decline, refer patients, and educate families on strategies to enhance cognitive functioning for their aging relatives.
    關聯: Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(9), pp.1991-2001
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05382.x
    顯示於類別:[數學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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