Logistic-normal models can be applied for analysis of longitudinal binary data. The aim of this article is to propose a goodness-of-fit test using nonparametric smoothing techniques for checking the adequacy of logistic-normal models. Moreover, the leave-one-out cross-validation method for selecting the suitable bandwidth is developed. The quadratic form of the proposed test statistic based on smoothing residuals provides a global measure for checking the model with categorical and continuous covariates. The formulae of expectation and variance of the proposed statistics are derived, and their asymptotic distribution is approximated by a scaled chi-squared distribution. The power performance of the proposed test for detecting the interaction term or the squared term of continuous covariates is examined by simulation studies. A longitudinal dataset is utilized to illustrate the application of the proposed test.
Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 141(2), pp.1069-1076