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    题名: 一種漱石式的「科學怪人」凝視:漫畫《心》的腐女視覺修辭
    其它题名: A Frankensteinian Gaze into Soseki Fujoshi Visual Rhetoric of Comics Kokoro
    作者: 涂銘宏
    贡献者: 淡江大學英文學系
    关键词: 日本視覺文化;BL漫畫;告白式書寫;仲間意識;腐女想像;;科學怪人;Japanese visual culture;BL comics;confessional writing;nakamaishiki,fujoshi imagining;Kokoro;,Frankenstein
    日期: 2009-06
    上传时间: 2011-09-30 22:43:45 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 高雄市:中華民國英美文學學會
    摘要: 本文探討榎本奈利子(榎本ナリコ)以漫畫改寫夏目漱石的《心》(《こころ》,1914),所彰顯的同性社交慾、群體意識與視覺文類轉譯問題。作爲對於瑪麗•雪萊(Mary Shelley)的《科學怪人》(Frankenstein)的致意,漱石原作裡中多名男性敘事者的同性慾張力(homoerotic tension)在此透過BL(boy love)漫畫的視覺與敘事框架被突顯。榎本版中的主敘事者「我」與「先生」、「先生」與友人K 之間曖昧的情誼、對新婚妻子的性罪惡感與破局,完全符合少女漫畫文類中腐女式的想像與解讀。更值得玩味的是,榎本與雪萊兩位女性作者所營造的不在場女性(absent women)與男性同盟間愛與罪的辯證關係裡異曲同工的鏈結。作爲告白式書寫(confessional writing)的BL 漫畫,《心》的諸多場景調度混搭「高尚」與「通俗」的影像呈現方式,運用畫框內暗影的漸層擴張所形成的內與外的對比。偏離的鏡頭動向,以及迷離的酷兒視覺風格,造成一種介於電影映畫(eiga)與漫畫(manga)之間的視覺再現。榎本版的《心》透過同性社交共同體「仲間意識」的運作,以及腐女視覺修辭中的同性慾之異質空間型構,不僅策略性轉譯「正典」蘊含的「酷兒性」(queerness),讓正典「出櫃」,也對日本特定主流文化中呈現及遮蔽同性情慾的方式提出質疑。
    This paper investigates the problematic of homoerotics, community consciousness and visual translation in Nariko Enomoto's comics adaptation of Soseki's Kokoro. As an uncanny tribute to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Soseki's original revealed a ubiquitous homoerotic tension among multiple male narrators, which is further accentuated by the visual and narratorial framing in particular conventions of BL (Boy Love) comics. The ambiguous relation among the three male characters, as well as Sensei's sex guilt and his eventual breakup with his wife, conforms to the embedded fujoshi imaginary of BL genre. Intriguingly enough, both Enomoto and Shelley foreground the dialectic between the absence and silencing of women and love and guilt within male bonding. As a confessional writing, BL comics Kokoro conflates the high and low imaging styles and deploys the framing of gradational dark panels to create a hybrid visual style between eiga (cinema) and manga (comics). Through the operation of nakamaishiki within the homosocial community and heterotopian mapping in fujoshi visual rhetoric, Enomoto's Kokoro adaptation not only strategically unveils the queerness in Soseki's literary canon, but also cogently challenges the ways in which Japanese mainstream culture represents or conceals homoeroticism.
    關聯: 英美文學評論 14,頁61-86
    显示于类别:[英文學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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