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    題名: Optimal Tax Policy, Market Imperfections, and Environmental Externalities in a Dynamic Optimizing Macro Model
    作者: Chang, Juin-Jen;Chen, Jhy-Hwa;Shieh, Jhy-Yuan;Lai, Ching-Chong
    貢獻者: 淡江大學經濟學系
    關鍵詞: Real Business Cycle;Real business cycle;Umweltbelastung;Environmental Degradation;Externer Effekt;Externalities;Unvollkommener Markt;Incomplete market;Lohnsteuer;Wage tax;Kapitalertragsteuer;Capital income tax;Ökosteuer;Environmental tax;Optimale Besteuerung;Optimal taxation;Theorie;Theory
    日期: 2009-08
    上傳時間: 2011-09-28 09:53:27 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
    摘要: This paper develops a dynamic real business cycle model that highlights pollution externalities (on welfare and production) and market imperfections and uses it to determine the socially optimal tax policy that encompasses labor income, capital income, and emission taxes. We show that the optimal tax on capital and labor income only addresses the production inefficiency (and is time-invariant), while the tax on the environmental externalities affects both the production inefficiency and the environmental spillovers (and is time-varying). More interestingly, the socially optimal emission tax will be characterized by a Keynesian-like stabilizer that is designed to mitigate business cycle fluctuations, i.e., that will stimulate the economy with a lower emission tax during recessions. In a positive analysis, we show that the beneficial effects arising from pollution taxation will become larger the greater is the degree of the firms’ monopoly power. In addition, a triple dividend in terms of improving environmental quality and increasing employment and firms’ profit can be simultaneously realized if the environmental production externality is more significant and if the elasticity of intertemporal substitution in consumption is relatively small.
    關聯: Journal of Public Economic Theory 11(4), pp.623-651
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9779.2009.01423.x
    顯示於類別:[經濟學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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