In this study, UV-curable hybrid thin films were successfully prepared from TiO2 and TiO2 hybrid sols containing the acrylic monomer DPHA on PMMA substrates. The prepared TiO2 and TiO2 hybrid sols showed long-term storage stability and can provide operating control for the preparation of high-refractive-index hybrid thin films. The existence of interaction between the TiO2 particle and the coupling agent was evidenced by FT-IR and UV–visible spectra. All hybrid thin films showed good adhesion to the PMMA substrate with refractive index falling over the range 1.64–1.77. These results suggested the potential application of present TiO2 hybrid films in optical devices, such as anti-reflective coatings.
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 55(2), pp.199-206