The development of the tea industry in Taiwan happened in recent two hundred years while the tea
cultivation and the manufacturing technologies are originated from Qing Dynasty. The introduction of tea
species and manufacturing experts from Fujian laid the foundation stone for modern Taiwan tea industry.
In the middle of the 19th century, Formosa Oolong Tea has been exported to Europe and America, and
Taiwan was famous in western countries for its tea. Though Taiwan tea is originated from mainland
China, after being cultivated to develop new species and the manufacturing technologies being improved,
Taiwan tea nowadays has been to an excellent level. Taiwan tea is popular among people who like tea
savoring around the world.
Tea was a very important agricultural product in the economy of Taiwan. From Qing Dynasty, the
period of Japanese governance, to Kuomintang Government, the dominators all encouraged and promoted
the development of tea industry. Therefore, tea industry became one of the important economic resources
in Taiwan and also earned a lot of foreign exchange for Taiwan. However, tea industry underwent the
challenges from globally economic environment and the transition of Taiwan turning into industry and
commerce period, so its export performance was down to the bottom. Gradually, the tea industry became
one for domestic market in Taiwan. In addition to studying the changes of the manufacturing and
marketing of tea in Taiwan after World War II, this research is also trying to discuss the problems
nowadays and the future development of the tea industry in Taiwan.
This research widely collected information about the tea industry in Taiwan, including books,
documents, historical records, the official statistical data, journals, newspapers and magazines, to
understand the origin of the tea industry and the development of its history. To supply some information
that can’t be inferred from the written data, this study also conducted interviews with tea researchers,
organizations promoting tea, and people working in tea industry. By researching, analyzing, and
comparing the collected information, the research figured out the present state and the existing problems
of the tea industry in Taiwan.
To make the tea industry in Taiwan be more competitive, here are some ways the industry can make
progress: to develop non-toxic agriculture, emphasis on dosing safety, to lower the expense of labor and
production, to develop tea industry for recreation, to promote origin certificate labeling and establishment
of traceability certification, To implement protection of intellectual property rights of agricultural work,
etc. Tea is the agricultural product with high economic value. If the government and the private can
cooperate with each other, the tea industry in Taiwan can have sustainable development.