本文首先分析全球化時代、冷戰結束和歐盟單一市場建立三大因素對人口販運的影響，並觀察歐盟會員國如何在歐盟治理平台下與國際、國家和非政府組織合作，試探三者在治理途徑過程的互動及其扮演的角色，並檢視歐盟治理在對抗人口販運問題上的成效。 Globalization became more prevalent since 1980’s following by the open borders, financial deregulation along with the latest development of advancing information, communication and transportation technologies facilitating economic globalization as well as propelling international migration. However, globalization itself has also profited illicit market and fostered transnational crimes. Driven by the huge market demand of cheap labor and prostitution, human trafficking has been considered as the fastest-growing crime activity in recent years and is now worldwide. The victims are forced to provide labor or sexual service day and night, even compelled to sell organs or other kinds of servitudes. And these problems of human trafficking have been aggravated by the eastern enlargement and the freedom of movement of people in the European Union, which, consequently, has grown to be one of the major markets of human trafficking.
Global Governance appears as a new approach to deal with global challenges by mobilizing all the actors to solve the problem. The governance system built by the European Integration provides a platform for the EU members to develop anti-trafficking policy and actions through a multi-level aspect.
This thesis firstly analyzes how the phenomenon of human trafficking was aggravated by globalization, the end of Cold War and the establishment of Single European Market. The second part gives an overview on how, in EU, its members cooperate with International Organizations, nation states and NGOs then followed by the analysis of the interactions and the different roles of the actors. Finally, the study concludes by assessing the current efforts EU has achieved on fighting against human trafficking.