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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/53991

    Title: 自由與安全 : 申根資訊系統對歐盟內部安全的影響
    Other Titles: Freedom and security : the impact of schengen information system on the internal security of the European Union
    Authors: 蔡宜瑾;Tsai, Yi-Ching
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    張福昌;Chang, Fu-Chang
    Keywords: 人員自由流通;內部安全;申根合作;申根資訊系統;邊境管理;資料保護;簽證資訊系統;歐洲指紋系統;European Union;Schengen Information System;Internal Security;Free Movement of Persons;Schengen Cooperation;Border Management
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-06-16 21:49:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歐洲聯盟(以下簡稱歐盟)於2010年6月14日慶祝申根協定簽訂25周年。申根合作自1985年以來,藉著廢除內部邊境管制,建立共同外圍邊境,為歐盟帶來實質的人員自由流通。然而,人員自由流通的同時,犯罪與威脅亦於區內流竄。為了維持外圍邊境的威脅過濾功能,以補充廢除內部邊境管制所引起的安全赤字,申根會員國建立了「申根資訊系統」,負責儲存具有威脅或待尋人員與物件資訊,此資料庫為會員國邊境管制與司法機構所用,亦是歐盟警察合作中最重要的執法工具之一。

    On 14th June 2010, the European Union celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the signature of Schengen Agreement. Since 1985, the European Countries have started Schengen cooperation. The Schengen area represents a territory where the free movement of persons is guaranteed. The internal bordors of the signatory states to the Schengen Agreement are abolished, then they build a common external border. At the heart of the Schengen coopertion, a so-called “Schengen Information System” (SIS) was set up. The national authorities for border control and judicial coopertion are allowed to obtain information on persons or objects.

    In the beginning of this thesis, it clarifies the relationship between freedom and security, and explains the importance of these two concepts in internal security of the EU. Then it comes to analyse the impact of the SIS on the EU’s internal security. This thesis involves the content, operation and problems of the SIS. Basically, the SIS is a large database, which contains numerous personal and objective data. It operates 24 hours a day, and provides relevant information to the related authorities of the EU Member States. The access of the information and the transmission of the alerts are crucial, and it araises the issues of human rights and data protection. We conclude that the national authorities have the access to the SIS, in this circumstance, the right of the related person is indirectly infringed. Moreover, the legal systems within the EU Member States are quite differrent. To sum up, the SIS is the key mechanism for safeguarding the internal security of the EU. However, the EU has to coordinate the data protection laws with the purpose to protect personal rights; besides, the EU also has to enhance the cooperation and interoperability between SIS and other European databases. Only through this way, the SIS can really contribute to strenghten the internal security of the EU.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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