English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 51258/86283 (59%)
Visitors : 8006190      Online Users : 79
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/53972


    Title: 馬英九政府時期的國際安全戰略研究 : 以對美中戰略關係為例
    Other Titles: A study on international security strategy in the period of Ma Ying-Jeou’s government : a case study of strategic relationship toward U.S. and China
    Authors: 歐冠洲;Ou, Kuan-Chou
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    翁明賢;Ming-Hsien Wong,
    Keywords: 國際安全戰略;戰略關係;馬英九政府;台美中;International Security Strategy;strategic relationship;Ma Ying-jeou’s government;Taiwan, U.S. and China
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-06-16 21:46:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 馬英九總統於2008年5月20日正式上任,以「人民奮起、台灣新生」為題發表就職演說,提出「不統、不獨、不武」維持台海現狀的理念,繼續在「九二共識」的基礎上恢復協商;秉持「擱置爭議,追求雙贏」,尋求共同利益的平衡點;國際社會和解休兵;協商兩岸和平協議。馬英九政府執政近三年時間,兩岸確實開啟了不同以往的交往方式,展開一連串的協商談判,直至2010年12月,經由舉行五次的「江陳會談」,雙方共同簽署包括兩岸三通直航、大陸觀光客來台、兩岸金融MOU、兩岸經濟架構合作協議等15項協議,在「先易後難、先經後政」的初步共識下,兩岸的經濟、文化交流帶向良好的合作契機。有關兩岸敏感的政治議題,馬英九政府提出「九二共識,一中各表」,謀求與中國在國家認同上的共識,實際上兩岸關係發展的戰略主軸,仍持續擱置政治議題,積極發展兩岸經濟交流,此應是馬英九政府「以經促和」的兩岸戰略目標。
    由於以美國為超強的單極國際體系受到中國崛起的挑戰,美中共管全球的態勢儼然成形,面對中國強大的經濟、軍事及國際影響力,且可能改變的國際安全戰略環境,台灣不得不調整與中國的關係。同時,美國自許是亞太事務的主導核心,兩岸關係的發展自是其關心的重要事務,台灣亦須與美國建立信任關係。馬英九總統就任之後,面對此國際安全戰略環境的變化,重新思索調整與美中兩強的國際安全戰略關係,採取「和中、親美」的戰略原則,維持與美中之間「平衡」的互動關係,主張「不統、不獨、不武」維持現狀的基本戰略方向,期許贏取「兩岸和諧、美國無憂、人民安心」的三贏局面。
    事實上,馬英九總統上任之後,秉持「以台灣為主、對人民有利」之原則,採取「不統、不獨、不武」維持現狀的戰略。在外交上強調「活路外交」,對中國「外交休兵」,與美國重建互信;在兩岸關係上,以「九二共識」基礎,本於「對等、互惠、尊嚴」原則,恢復兩岸制度性協商;在國防上,採取「守勢戰略」,依據《台灣關係法》積極爭取美國軍售,同時不排除討論建立兩岸軍事互信機制,簽署和平協議。在國際安全戰略環境下的台美中三邊權力不對稱關係,馬英九政府採取雙邊友好的「和中、親美」戰略,正是本文歸納研究的結果。
    In 2008, President Ma delivered his inaugural speech on May 20, which pose the concept of "no unification, no independence, no use of force" to maintain the status quo of the Taiwan Strait, and continue to consult based on the resumption of "92 consensus" ; uphold the" shelving controversies and pursuing win-win solution "for the balance of the common interest; reconciliation truce; consultations of cross-strait peace agreement. President Ma held the reins of government nearly three years, and opened a way different from the past, and launched a series of consultations and negotiations. Until December 2010, it held five times through the "Chiang-Chen Talks", signed by both parties, including Cross-Strait''s Direct Flights, MOU and so on. Based on "From easy to difficult “and "From economic to politics”, it takes the good cooperation opportunity on the cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges. The sensitive political issues on cross-strait, Ma Government posed "92 consensus” and “one China, with each side having its own interpretation.”, and seek with the consensus on national identity. In fact. the strategic axis of cross-strait relations, Ma Government continued to table political issues, and actively developing cross-strait economic exchanges. This should be the strategic objectives of both sides of "has been promoting reunification" of the Ma government.

    Since monopole international system which principally regards U.S. as superpower was challenged by China rise, the situation on U.S.-China to co-manage global affairs has gradually shaped. Facing the economic and military power and international influence of China that may change the strategic environment of international security, Taiwan itself should adjust its relationships with China. Furthermore, the United States prides itself on being the leading core of the Asia-Pacific affairs, cross-strait relations has attracted the important matters. Taiwan itself must establish a trust relationship with the United States. After facing of the changes in the environment of international security strategy, President Ma reconsiders to adjust the strategic relationships of international security with U.S.-China, takes the strategic principle of "reconcile with China and pro-U.S.", maintains the interaction of "balance" between the United States and China, advocates the basic strategic direction of "no unification, no independence, no use of force" to maintain the status quo, and hopes to the three-win situation of "cross-strait reconciliation, U.S. no anxiety, people’s feel at ease."

    In fact, while President Ma takes the helm, he upholds the principle of “Twain First and for the interest of the people” and implements the strategy of “no unification, no independence and no use of force” for the status quo. In addition, he emphasizes on Workable Diplomacy in the diplomacy policy and makes diplomatic truce with China. He rebuilds the mutual trust with each country. He recovers the institutional negotiation of Cross-strait based on 1992 Consensus and the principle of reciprocity, mutual benefit and dignity. On national defense, he puts on the defensive and strives for U.S. arms sales to Taiwan positively under Taiwan Relations Act. At the same time, he discusses that the mutual trust mechanism of Cross-strait military and signs peace treaty. Under the international security strategy of the asymmetric relationship of power among in Taiwan, U.S. and China, Ma Ying Jeou government carries out the strategy of reconciling with China and pro-U.S.that is the result of this research.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    index.html0KbHTML214View/Open

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback