When USSR and Eastern European communist countries disintegrated from year 1989, the whole world started talking about that Communism would walk into the historical ashes; however twenty years later, the Communist Party of China (CPC) could accomplish both rapid economic development and party governance political system maintenance, these attainments makes people cannot help but to face Chinese Communist Party with increased respect. Deng Xiaoping’s reform and open policy has already changed Chinese Mainland from a backward, isolated, and inefficient Planned Economy System into a blooming scene of mainly market guidance on economic vigorous growth, furthermore it is going to merge into an organic whole with the globalized world in harmony.
The principal task of operation for Navy of People''s Liberation Army (PLA) in the initial stage was to cooperate with land troops and to consolidate territory defense when CPC established its government, up to the 1990s PLA claimed that the PLA defense budget should have significantly large expansion and should get modernized to retain territorial sovereignty and resources. Nowadays CPC gain increasingly attention on its economic potentiality and international politics, various kinds of signs show that CPC start to search for reasons to develop global military deployment on the basis of territorial sovereignty subject; for the past, CPC did not contain the ability to radiate its military strength except for ballistic missiles, in recent years, CPC gains abundant growing global benefits and tends to look forward to play the role of “leading powers” in the international society, therefore it is more important to hold relatively more military forces, so the recent economic growth brings well-off capital to upgrade the armament, inside it, we obviously distinguish that the Navy and Air Force are the ones who receive the biggest benefit.
Presently researches mainly give emphases to the innovation of both equipment and technology of the PLA Navy; on the contrary, the analyses on the reasons of limitations of the modernization of PLA Navy are fragmentary, this article aims to the intention of modernization, the abilities the PLA Navy intent to attain, and the present situation for the modernization in order to comprehend where its present limitations are.