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    Title: 美國與中共「軍文關係」比較研究
    Other Titles: A comparative study on civil-military relationship between the U.S. and PRC
    Authors: 李昇訓;Li, Sheng-Hsun
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    曾復生
    Keywords: 軍文關係;軍政管理系統;軍令指揮系統;國會軍事預算;軍事人事權;civil-military relationship;the military administrative management system;the military command management system;budget power of the congress;appoint power
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-06-16 21:45:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 所謂「軍文關係」指的是軍事領導人與文職領導人的職權運作與決策統屬關係。我國《國防法》與《國防部組織法》兩法通過以後,國軍體制正式回歸「文人領軍、軍政軍令一元化、軍隊國家化、軍政分工專業化」等為取向,以建立二十一世紀的國防願景。雖然國防二法的通過,展現我國國防體制建設的法制化和時代意義,但是國人仍有必要進一步理解「軍文關係」的深層意涵,並藉由美國民主制度與中共共產制度,加以比較分析,進以瞭解軍文關係的發展確保國家安全。
    本文研究方法主要採「文獻分析法」、「歷史研究法」與「比較研究法」,旨在分析美國與中共「軍文關係」的政軍文化背景與發展,以及「文人領軍」的施行作法,並進一步進行比較,期藉由軍政管理系統、軍令指揮系統、國會軍事預算控制,以及人事權運用等方面比較中,瞭解「軍文關係」真正所表現之意涵,並瞭解美、中「軍文關係」的內涵與特質。
    本文藉比較與探究美國與中共「軍文關係」施行作法後,針對關鍵問題逐一釐清並獲得較明確的研究結果,進而對我國落實「軍隊國家化」之文人領軍相關作為,能夠提供較為有力的意見,建構良性「軍文關係」的國防組織。
    “Civil-Military Relatio nships”is the operating and commanding relationship between military leader and civilian governor. In order to establish the vision of Taiwan’s national defense in 21st century, the military system beyond the Two Laws of National Defense in Taiwan was redirected to civil-control of military, convergence of the Military Command and Administration Systems, and nationalization of the military. Although Taiwan had established the legality of national defense system and shaping the epochal meaning through “the Two Laws of National Defense,” the domestic members should still understand the deeper meaning of “Civil-Military Relationships.”
    The subject matters of the research are analyzing the cultural background of “Civil-Military Relationships” in USA and PRC as well as implementing and discriminating between them. Furthermore, we also compared the differences in the implementation of military of military administrative management systems, the military command management systems, and the budget/appointing authorities.
    By analyzing and understanding the developments of “Civil-Military Relationships” in USA and PRC, we can further perfect the system of “Civil-Military Relationships” in Taiwan. Within this measure, we can finally structure a stable relationship to ensure Taiwan’s national security.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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