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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/53960

    Title: 香港特別行政區立法會選舉制度研究
    Other Titles: The research of electoral system of Hong Kong special administrative region legislative council
    Authors: 蔡志豪
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 香港;比例代表制;立法會;Hong Kong;proportional representation system;Legislative Council
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-06-16 21:45:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 香港自1991年立法局開始進行直選,經歷1995年彭定康政改方案到主權回歸中共後1998年第一屆特區立法會選舉,七年內立法機關地區直選制度有三次轉變;相對的具有香港特色的功能界別選舉卻一直保留於立法會選舉。選舉制度的轉變對香港政治發展產生相當程度的影響。





    Legislative Council of Hong Kong has beginning direct elections since 1991, through to the “political system reform” of Chris Patten in 1995 and first Legislative Council elections after return of sovereignty to China. The direct elections system had changed three times in 7 years, in the other Hong Kong special ‘s Functional Constituencies elections is keeping in the Legislative Council elections. The change of election system had effect for the political development of Hong Kong.

    This research’s target focus on the following itmes : (1)Investigating the real situation of the contemporary Legislative Council election system of Hong Kong and see if there is any correlation with its’ affection.(2)Comparing the difference between Hong Kong and Taiwan proportional representation system.(3)Analyzing the factors like Party’s nomination system, construction of name lists, campaigns’ propaganda stragies and how they affect the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. (4)According to the Legislative Council election system development research, understanding how China motivates it’s governance principle of “One Country Two System”.

    According to the targets of this research, the thesis uses historical approach, document method and comparative method to clearify the data. Moreover, with the analysis of different document and data of Legislative Council of Hong Kong showing before and after it’s return of sovereignty to China, we can compare the changes and effects in between British colonial and Special Administrative Region.

    This research is consisted of four parts. In part one, in chapter one’s introduction explains the motivations and reasons of researching, besides, explaining the research’s approach and methods, chapters arrangements, and data discussions. In part two, we elaborate and analyze the evolution of Legislative Council election system during the British conloneization. In part three, we analyze and discuss respectively about the effects according to the four results of Legislative Council election system from 1998 to 2008. In part four, we made a conclusion to Hong Kong proportional representation system; comparing the difference of proportional representation system between Hong Kong and Taiwan; comparing the Functional Constituencies specialties and it’s future abolition problems. election system and ”One country Two system” effects each other. At last, we talk about the Legislative Council election system’s future development.

    According to the results of the research, we’ve discovered that proportional representation system and the functional constitutions would lead the legislative council to multi-party system. In the “Basic Law”, it ruled administrative leading system with no ruling party. The design of election system can effectively hold back the development of Hong Kong’s party politics. If Hong Kong wants to carry out the real democratization “Universal Suffrage”, we must think about how to reform ruling mode and how to maturely develop party politics.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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