|其它题名: ||A research on China’s petroleum transportation security strategy|
|作者: ||劉哲均;Liu, Che-Chun|
|关键词: ||中國大陸;能源運輸;石油安全戰略;能源安全;能源外交;China;energy transportation;petroleum safety strategy;energy safety,;energy diplomacy|
|上传时间: ||2011-06-16 21:42:39 (UTC+8)|
China had been one of the net import countries for petroleum in 1993. Its demand for petroleum is increasing, which caused many problems of the supply -demand. In particular, after it became the second largest oil consuming country, the gap of the country’s energy construction was more prominent. To face this important challenge of the energy supply-demand instability, China begins to plan petroleum distribution and safety transportation. The transportation of oil resources can be returned smoothly to China, which would let its economy rapidly taking off, and not fall into dilemma. Therefore, face with the urgent situation of energy supply forced China anxiously to find stable supply of its oil transportation safety based on national security, as well as planning the return of oil transportation routes, may cause internal and external factors related to the threat of its national security. All these challenges and problems are also concerned by the Western powers and international community.
This study will be in-depth discussion on the safety oil transportation which might have impact on national security of China, and analyze the layout of strategy which conducting on the existence and replacement of the oil transport route. This study comprises six chapters: Chapter 1 is the overall introduction. Chapter 2 analyzes the effect on the national security of energy supply-demand. Chapter 3 will discuss China’s oil transportation in current situation. Chapter 4 analyzes the difficulties on the oil transportation layout of China from Middle East. Chapter 5 will assess the implementation of the strategy to the construction of China, which wants to be the core on the oil transport layout, and Chapter 6 concludes this research.
This study shows that China is still mainly using the oil transport strategy by sea from Middle East, but the ratio has been changed between maritime and land transportations to China since it cooperated with Kazakhstan, Russia and Pakistan and other oil pipelines via land. In addition, it also has breakthrough by expansion on transport fleet with the Navy ships to protect, and through using energy diplomacies and new energy security strategies each as investment or joined venture to achieve its objective on energy transportation and supply-demand stability. Those strategies make the overall national security guaranteed, and letting China plan and implemention of the oil transportation security strategies can be more smoothly in the future.