English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 52047/87178 (60%)
Visitors : 8695632      Online Users : 363
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/53926

    Title: イノベーションと研究開発投資の効率性について
    Other Titles: 創新和研究開發投資的效率性
    Innovation and the efficiency of R&D investment
    Authors: 曹家豪;Tsao, Chia-Hao
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 製程創新;產品創新;連續性創新;不連續性創新;開放性研究開發策略;專利化之可能性;產品壽命;Process Innovation;Product Innovation;Continuous Innovation;Discontinuous Innovation;Open R&D Strategy;Appropriability;Product Life Cycle;プロセス・イノベーション;プロダクト・イノベーション;連続的イノベーション;不連続的イノベーション;開放的な研究開発戦略;専有可能性;製品寿命
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-06-16 21:40:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 八十年代,全球化下的日本企業之競爭優越性曾經被公認為世界第一。但於九十年代的泡沫經濟崩壞之後,失去了其顯著的強悍競爭力。在分析過這長期低迷情景的架構之後,許多人都提出要盡早進行改革創新的議論,來對應這時代潮流的變化。過去的日本企業利用自傲的製程創新技術,對製程實行改革,並從大規模生產的效率之中,獲取極大利益。然而,就在為圖謀和其他競爭者產品差別化所進行的產品創新之轉換期,卻無法擺脫之前的舊有模式束縛,來順利進行革新。日本企業也曾透過連續性創新方式,以卓越技術生產高品質產品,並藉此支配全球市場。其後卻讓進行不連續創新策略的新興企業侵入規模層次較低的市場,阻礙其事業發展,亦使收益性降低。由此日本企業不但陷入革新的困境之中,同時也大大影響了研究開發的效率性。


    The competitive advantage of Japanese enterprises in the 80’s was once recognized as the world’s Number One. However, Japan lost such superior competition after the bubble economy collapse in the 90’s. It was thought that Japan should implement innovative reform to cope with the changes of the trend. In the past, Japanese enterprises utilized process innovation to obtain benefit and profit from mass production; yet they could not carry out product innovation to get rid of the old shackle. With the continuous innovation, the enterprises created high quality product with their high-end technologies. However, the business was stopped due to the discontinuous innovation carried out by the venture enterprises. As a result, Japanese enterprises are bogged down in the innovation dilemma.

    American enterprises’ open R&D strategies made significant difference while the Japanese enterprises utilized the closure strategies which focused only on self-resource and capabilities. The Japanese enterprises who did not seek for joint-venture with other enterprises with technology in various fields eventually led to failure in sustaining competition. In general, we firmly believe in the close relationship between innovation and competitive advantages. Moreover, further acquaintance to appropriability is essential to prevent loss of R&D, especially the great benefit brought by the unique patent. Additionally, product life cycle is closely related to profits. It is common to find products with excessive quality manufactured by Japanese enterprises with their high-end technology, which consequently resulted in increase of production costs and inefficient R&D. Therefore, the optimal product life cycle is known as the best solution to this issue.

    The study attempts to find the way out of innovation dilemma and to accelerate the pace of innovation and therefore maximize benefits.
    Appears in Collections:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback