This research aims to explore the management and the purpose of “school excursion” practiced in the primary education system of the Showa period. Through inspecting historical materials, the article reconstructs the journeys and education under Japanese domination.
School excursion originated in Japan, and was carried out in Taiwan in 1895 through promotion of modern education. This new teaching style, different from traditional schooling, not only combines education and recreation, but also applies the textbook material in to real world context. In time, this new style of teaching slowly becomes an integral part of the primary education system.
According to school children’s drawings, reports and presentations, students overlay classroom knowledge with trips and demonstrations coordinated by their teachers. Moreover, visits to modernized architectures, including developed cities and novel public facilities broaden students’ horizons and reveal the progress of the country. Students, as a result, gained admiration to those developmental advancements and became content with the Japanese rule.
Additionally, in order to strengthen children’s infatuation with Japan, educators arouse students with previous excursion by constantly arranging courses and teaching materials related to the trip. This repeated conveyance successfully educated people and imprinted the good of the dominator.
The excursion seems education-oriented in nature, but it subliminally advocates Japanese policy and solidifies the ruler’s governance. The colonialist carry out patriotism through national assimilation, build of affection, and identity. The managed school excursion is a practice of consolidating the colony from the bottom up.