In this work, hydrodynamic behavior of flow in three different reactor clarifiers was simulated by three-dimensional, multiphase flow model. The primary construction of reactor clarifier was based on the Bansin Water Treatment Plant, Taiwan. This is the traditional construction, and we call it Type A. The other two were designed in such a way as to improve effluent water quality. The traditional clarifier construction was varied in these to make a large well angle (Type B) and a gradually larger inlet pipe (Type C). Solid effluent flux can be calculated directly from this model. The simulation results showed that under the same daily throughput, the Type C construction of clarifier could decrease upflow fluid velocity in the clarifier and, therefore, reduce effluent water turbidity.
Journal of the Chinese Institute of Chemical Engineers=中國化學工程學會會誌 39(3), pp.275-280