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    题名: Fine structure and crystallinity of porous Nylon 66 membranes prepared by phase inversion in the water/formic acid/Nylon 66 system
    作者: Lin, Dar-jong;Chang, Chi-lin;Lee, Chih-kang;Cheng, Liao-ping
    贡献者: 淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
    关键词: Polyamide;Immersion–precipitation;Cellular pores;Spherulites;Crystallinity
    日期: 2006-02
    上传时间: 2011-05-20 09:53:58 (UTC+8)
    出版者: Kidlington: Pergamon
    摘要: Microporous Nylon-66 polymeric membranes were prepared by immersion–precipitation from a ternary system, water/formic acid/Nylon 66. Depending upon the precipitation conditions, membranes with morphologies that reflect the sequence of liquid–liquid demixing (as characterized by cellular pores) and crystallization (as characterized by crystal particles) events during the course of precipitation were obtained. The details of the membrane morphologies were disclosed using a low voltage field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) at very high resolutions. In particular, nano-scale fine structures such as dendritic crystal elements, nano-pores, nano-grains, branching lamellae, etc., which were rarely presented in the membrane literature. Wide angle X-ray diffraction analyses indicated that Nylon-66 crystallized into ‘α’ structure in all prepared membranes. Crystallinities were determined by appropriate deconvolution of the diffraction peaks. The results indicated that membranes prepared by a well-dissolved casting dope had a somewhat higher crystallinity than those prepared by incipient dopes being in metastable states with respect to crystallization. This observation was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and DSC thermo analyses.
    關聯: European Polymer Journal 42, pp.356-367
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2005.07.007
    显示于类别:[化學工程與材料工程學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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