|Abstract: || 本論文以「烏臺詩案詮釋問題的再思考」為題，旨在從「烏臺詩案」相關的各種文本記載及詮釋資料的比較中，探究造成此差異的可能原因和它們分別達致的效果。回顧歷來的研究成果，就材料可分成以「烏臺詩案」相關記載為主的第一序研究，和分析後世評論的第二序研究。在目的上則分為將「烏臺詩案」看作是「文學事件」的研究，及將其作為「政治事件」的研究這兩大類。本文便嘗試從不同的文本及聲音當中，再參照兩類的研究成果，提供一種對於詮釋方式的全新思考。|
The dissertation will take ”Re-thinking about the interpretation problems of Wu Tai Poem Case” as main idea, and investigate reasons causing differences and effects by comparing and contracting variety of related information. Reviewing the past researches, most information could be divided into two parts, one is the-first-order information, like Wu Tai Poem Case and related records, the other is the-second-order information, such as analysis critical after the affair. From purpose perspective, the information could be divided into a “literature affair” or a ”political affair”. The dissertation will try to provide a different thought and observation by referring and evaluating various texts and information.
The second chapter begins form the history of Wu Tai Poem Case, then conferring the transforming of policy, system, producing technologies, and trade from Tang to Sung Dynasties. At the beginning of establishing the Sung Dynasty, some revolution for removing abuses left by the previous government causing more difficulties instead. However, derivative policies, such as the Imperial Civil Examination and market , trade, also created more freedom situation for people, moreover, developing a society which is opener, more changeable, and more popular. Shih Dai Fu in Sung Dynasty was becoming the leading class, involving in administration, cultural activities, and academy, but at the same time, they had to face challenges came from transforming ideals, Dang Jeng(party competition), Literary Inquisition, which caused by corrupt center.
Next, the third chapter will analyze reasons causing Wu Tai Poem Case. The analysis will divide into two part: The first, I will try to restore Su-Shih''s character in politics at that time, considering more factors including Su-Shih''s political activities and ideas, the battles between different parties, Emperor Shen-Zong and Wang An-Shi''s mentality, and intervention of uprising power, to evaluate if tension between these complicated conditions caused the necessity of Wu Tai Poem Case happening. The second, to research the effects of progressing propagate patterns, such as printing, carving stone, Di Bau (official bulletin), observing the relationship between spreading of the anthology of Su-Shih and Wu Tai Poem Case.
The fourth chapter is officially enter existing judging information about Wu Tai Poem Case. First, I will trace the original records of book “Wu Tai Poem Case”, verifying authenticity of existing editions, classifying these different editions, and arrange poets in different versions. Second, I will presume Yu Shi Tai''s purposes and devices of picking poets by the records of judgment and Su-Shih ''s confession in “Wu Tai Poem Case”, meanwhile, researching the relationship between poets and new laws from these point of views. To understand the battles between Yu Shi Tai and Su-Shih, and how Yu Shi and Jian Guan used Su-Shih ''s poets to arouse the anxiety and contradiction of Emperor Shen-Zong.
The fifth chapter will continuously chase the aftermath of Wu Tai Poem Case. For Su-Shih, Huang Zhou was the place which related to his political career, academic researches, writings, and changes of life. For politics of Sung Dynasty, connected politicians in Wu Tai Poem Case copied the similar, but larger and more revengeful Che Gai Ting Poem Case in the Yuan- You Political Reform, which corrupt social values, precipitating extinction of the Northern Sung Dynasty. Because of the particularity of Wu Tai Poem Case, people often embedded varied imagine in historical records, novels, and drama, making numerous and profound effects on Chinese culture.