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    题名: 2006年反貪腐運動之研究
    其它题名: Investigating the 2006 anti-corruption movement
    作者: 林承佑;Lin, Cheng-yu
    贡献者: 淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
    林聰吉
    关键词: 社會運動;反貪腐運動;Social movement;Anti-corruption Movement
    日期: 2010
    上传时间: 2010-09-23 16:47:59 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 2006年,陳水扁政府引爆層出不窮貪腐醜聞,從部屬、女婿、親家、第一夫人,一直牽涉到總統本人。一連串的弊案令民眾感到吃驚並且失望,社會中快速的累積對政府的不滿氛圍。因此,在施明德等人登高一呼下,社會上產生驚人的回響,也刻劃出了台灣社會運動史上前所未見的一幕。
    本研究以2006年反貪腐運動為例,基於社會運動觀點,藉由次級資料進行分析。本文主要研究問題為:(一)反貪腐運動形成機會為何?(二) 反貪腐運動中組織呈現的力量為何?
    在章節安排上,第一章為緒論,說明研究動機、目的。第二章為文獻檢閱,說明社會運動相關理論發展。第三章說明機會因素。第四章說明組織因素。第五章則為結論。研究結果發現:一、在機會方面:反貪腐運動的形成可能來自於失序的政績表現、弊案連續爆發以及政治制度的影響。二、 在組織方面:組織成員大多為知識分子組成,除了延續傳統運動方式外,更進一步設計新穎的運動方式來促使反貪腐運動持續運作。然而,這樣的組成卻也帶給反貪腐運動日後的爭執。三、決定參與反貪腐運動的群眾,深受政黨認同所影響。
    整體而言,反貪腐運動所呈現的許多現象與台灣以往的社會運動大不相同。從特殊的訴求、特殊的動員方式甚至到嘉年華式的活動舉辦。對於反貪腐運動種種的特殊現象,日後的台灣是否會再度出現,是值得持續觀察研究的。
    In 2006, corruption scandals exploded one after another in the Chen Shui-bian administration centered on his subordinates, father of his son-in-law, first lady, his son-in-law, and even the President himself. A series of scandals put the public into shock and disappointment which swiftly evolved a sense of dissatisfaction at the government in society. Therefore, Shih Ming-te’s advocating aroused astounding echo in society and created an unprecedented scene throughout the history of Taiwan’s social movement.
    Taking the anti-corruption movement in 2006 as example, this study aims to analyze secondary data based on the perspective of social movement. There are two main research questions in this study: (1) what is the opportunity for launching anti-corruption movement; (2) what kind of power emerges in the organization of anti-corruption movement.
    The paper is organized as follows: Chapter One sets out the introduction describing research motive and objective. Chapter Two reviews the theories related to social movement. Chapter Three looks into opportunity factors. Chapter Four discusses organizational factors. Finally, the conclusion is made in Chapter Five. The finding shows: (1) opportunity factor: the formation of anti-corruption movement might be originated from the disorder of government performance, successive explosion of scandals and influence of political system; (2) organizational factor: in addition to continuing traditional fashion, intellectuals-accounting for most members in this movement-designed new tactics to keep the operation of anti-corruption movement. However, this kind of member composition also underlay some later arguments about anti-corruption movement; (3) the mass who determined to join anti-corruption movement were significantly influenced by their party identification.
    In sum, many phenomena appeared in anti-corruption movement have been different from those taking place in Taiwan before. Examples ranged from special appeal, mobilization to carnival-like activities. Therefore, it is worthwhile to keep observing and researching whether these particular phenomena in anti-corruption movement will someday emerge in Taiwan again.
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