|题名: ||生涯承諾、工作壓力、社會支持對組織承諾影響之研究 : 以某特勤組織為例|
|其它题名: ||The effects of career commitment, work stress and social support on organizational commitment : a case study of a special service organization|
|作者: ||陳忠情;Chen, Chung-ching|
|关键词: ||生涯承諾;工作壓力;社會支持;組織承諾;career commitment;Work stress;social support;Organizational Commitment|
|上传时间: ||2010-09-23 16:21:01 (UTC+8)|
The talented agents work hard and efficiency is the key element for the organization to compete. The Special Forces have been established for several decades. Their main duty is to protect the safety of people. The core idea is loyalty. The job possesses the qualities of high specialty, risks and challenges. Even though all special agents often work under high pressure over a long period of time, they still stay in their field, follow the core image of the Special Forces, and devote their enthusiasm to achieve goals.
Nowadays, because the society and the labor construction have been changed, the image of the organization has decreased in popularity. The turnover rate of talented members of the Special Forces increases and that influences the growth of the organization. The urgent matter of the Special Forces is to strengthen its members’ centripetal force and to promote their commitment to the organization. To persuade members to stay and devote all their energies is one of the key objectives for the organization in order to maintain the organization keep operating.
The main topic of this research is in regards to the commitment of special agents. The sample of this study is special agents. We use literature review to investigate the influence of career commitment, work stress and social support on the commitment of organization of special agents.
Through this research, we became aware of the causes-effects of special agents’ organizational commitment by the influence of their diversities of work stress, specific social support, and career commitment. The finding can be used as references for supervisors of Special Forces, the social public, special colleagues and special agents’ family. In the future, we hope to focus more on special agents and take proper effective measures to solve problems that they encounter, promote their commitment of organization, and to share the positive spirit of the Special Forces.
The research of the results is shown below.
1. There are significant differences on special agents’ organizational commitment between high and low career commitment and social support. The higher the career commitment and social support of special agents are, the higher the organizational commitment is.
2. Career commitment and social support of special agents have positive significant influences on organizational commitment. The work stress has no significant influences on special agents’ organizational commitment.
3. In the area of career commitment, there are significant differences among special agents of various ages. By after test the result indicates that the older the special agents are, the stronger their career commitment is, the younger the special agents are, and the weaker their career commitment is.
4. Special agents who differ in age and residence ownership show significant differences in “professional career stress” in the aspect of work stress. Younger special agents who do not own residence property face stronger professional career stress than those special agents who are older and own residence property. Marital status also leads to significant difference on work stress. Single special agents shoulder higher work stress than married special agents do. Various non-military academic degrees also constitute significant difference in “work load stress” and “professional expectation stress” in the aspect of work stress. The higher level of special agents’ degree are, the stronger the work load stress and professional expectation stress is. Different positions show significant differences in the aspect of “professional expectation stress”. Special agents and special agents with staff duties bear stronger professional expectation stress than special agents with commanding duties do.
5. Age and employment status of spouse constitute significant differences in the aspect of “family support” of the social support to the special agents. Older special agents are better supported by the society; younger special agents are less supported by the society. Male special agents whose spouses are employed receive higher family support than those female special agents do.
6. Male and female special agents differ significantly in their devotion commitment of the organizational commitment. Male special agents contribute higher devotion commitment than female special agents do.
Key Words: career commitment, work stress, social support, organizational commitment