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    Title: The empirical research of asymmetry and forecast errors in the implied volatility index
    Other Titles: 隱含波動指標不對稱性與預測誤差之實證研究
    Authors: 林奇泰;Lin, Chi-tai
    Contributors: 淡江大學財務金融學系博士班
    邱建良;Chiu, Chien-liang;李命志;Lee, Ming-chih
    Keywords: VIX;不對稱性效果;TAR模型;ARJI模型;預測誤差;隱含波動;TVIX;真實波動;資訊內涵;VIX;Asymmetric Effect;TAR Model;ARJI Model;Forecast Errors;Implied volatility;TVIX;realized volatility;Informational Content
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2010-09-23 15:25:07 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文著重在隱含波動指標不對稱性與預測誤差之實證研究,共包含三個部份,分別為「VIX與S&P 500指數之關係:門檻與不對稱性效果」、「隱含波動指標預測誤差之財務意涵」與「隱含波動指標與真實波動之關係:預測誤差與資訊內涵」,在此將三部份的內容簡述如下。
    第一部分研究使用了TAR模型以檢查VIX門檻效果,以及應用ARJI模型檢測S&P 500股票指數報酬對VIX變動的不對稱性。實證結果證明了具有高與低恐慌係數的不對稱效果、VIX上升與下降係數的不對稱效果及高與低恐慌變異數係數的不對稱效果。特別是係數的不對稱性效果,描述了當在高恐慌區間VIX指標傾向於下降時,極端強烈的復甦與市場谷底之現象發生。另外,本研究證明了跳躍強度與VIX指標在不同的恐慌區間有相似的不對稱性。
    第二部份本文應用了ARJI模型併入了預測誤差,以檢測台灣隱含波動的變動與相關決定因子(特別是預測誤差)之關係。實證結果證明了隱含波動的變動,顯著地受到當期報酬、落後報酬、隱含波動的落後變動、真實波動的同期(日)變動與落後預測誤差的影響。特別是在全觀察期的極端落後預測誤差與金融風暴期間的落後預測誤差,對隱含波動的當期變動有著非常不同的影響效果。
    第三部份本文採用了正交檢定,以檢驗在臺灣是否預測誤差與過去的跳躍特徵之資訊內涵有關?實證結果發現,假如模型不納入預測誤差將會導致錯誤地拒絕正交,以致於因為預測誤差包含了相關的資訊內涵,造成TVIX對未來真實波動的預測不是很有效率,反之亦然。當然,本研究亦證明了金融危機期間由於具有異常的資訊內涵,造成落後的預測誤差對TVIX的當期變動只有很小的影響效果,因此這裡隱含了TVIX在金融危機期間具有不好的預測能力。
    This dissertation focuses on asymmetry and forecast errors in the implied volatility index and it contains three parts. The first part is titled “Relationships between the VIX and the S&P 500 Index: Threshold and asymmetric effects”, the second part is named “The financial implications of forecast errors in the implied volatility index”, and the last one is “Relationships between the implied volatility index and realized volatility: Forecast errors and informational content”. A brief introduction of these three parts can be described as follow:
    The first part employs a TAR model to examine the VIX threshold effect and applies the ARJI model to investigate the various asymmetric effects in S&P 500 returns on changes in the VIX. The empirical results provide evidence of a high-low coefficient asymmetric effect, a rising-falling coefficient asymmetric effect and a high-low variance coefficient asymmetric effect. In particular, the coefficient asymmetric effects describe the phenomenon of extremely strong rallies and market bottoms in the high-fear regime when the VIX tends to fall. In addition, this study demonstrates that the jump intensity and the VIX have similar asymmetric effects in the different fear regimes.
    The second part also applies the ARJI models that incorporate forecast errors to investigate the relationships between the changes in the implied volatility and the relevant determinant factors (especially forecast errors) in Taiwan. The empirical results provide evidence that the changes in the implied volatility are significantly affected by the contemporaneous returns, the lagged returns, the lagged changes in the implied volatility, the contemporaneous daily changes in the realized volatility and the lagged forecast errors. In particular, the extreme lagged forecast errors during the whole sample period and the lagged forecast errors during the financial crisis period have very various influences on the current changes in the implied volatility.
    The final part adopts the orthogonality tests to examine whether the forecast errors are related to the informational content about past jump characteristics in Taiwan. The empirical results demonstrate that, if not taking forecast errors into account will lead to wrongly reject orthogonality so that the TVIX is not an efficient forecast for the future realized volatility due to forecast errors containing the relevant informational content, and vice versa. Of course, this study also demonstrates that the lagged forecast errors during the financial crisis period only have small influences on the current changes in the TVIX owing to abnormally informational content. This implies that the TVIX possesses the poor predictive ability during the financial crisis period.
    Appears in Collections:[財務金融學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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