本文旨在研究巴西2003年至2009年魯拉政權的經社發展經驗，以新結構主義為理論架構，探討巴西在此理論架構下經社發展上的轉變，以及巴西現階段經濟穩定增長的主因。 Brazil, the biggest country in South America, is the world’s eighth largest economy and also a member of BRICs. Although Brazil’s current development is having lots of economic potential, its route to economic development is also full of difficulties, such as extremely high inflation, heavy external debt burden and a high deficit. In the social field, the poverty problem and the unbalanced regional development are obstacles to its development and also harm its competitiveness in the end.
In year 2003, the leftist president Lula assumed office. And he adopted a neostructuralism model to run the country instead of a neoliberalism model. He adopted such policies as emphasizing a close trade and economic relationship with other countries, focusing on economic balance and social issues and also a simultaneous development between economy and society. Under Lula’s leadership, Brazil’s economy is stabilizing gradually. In year 2005, Brazil paid off its debt of USD 15.5 billions from IMF before it is due. And in year 2008, Brazil has formally become a creditor instead of a debtor. We believe Brazil’s future will be bright because of a favorite international environment and the effectiveness of Lula’s policies.
The main proposition of this thesis is to study Brazil’s economic and social development experience under the Lula’s presidency, the transformation of economic and social development under neo-structuralism theory and also the main reasons of its current stably-growing economy.