|摘要: ||1959年1月1日古巴革命成功後，菲德爾( Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz, 1926－)執政下的古巴長期施行社會主義，2006年菲德爾因健康問題，於同年7月31日通過暫時權力移交給其胞弟拉烏爾( Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz, 1931－)，菲德爾漸漸退居幕後，拉烏爾並在2008年2月24日在人民政權代表大會上，當選國務委員會主席和部長會議主席，正式成為古巴國家領導人。|
Cuba was ruled under Socialism by Fidel Castro Administration since the Cuban Revolution succeeded on January 1st, 1959. Due to the health condition, Fidel Castro temporarily shifted power to his brother, Raúl Castro, started on July 31th, 2006. Thereafter Fidel gradually lowers his influence on national issues of Cuba, meanwhile his brother, Raúl, was elected as Chair of State Committee and Council of Ministers, and formally became the leader of Cuba.
This thesis is based on Classical Marxism to review the development path of Cuban Communism. According to the view point of Historical Development, communism is the final form of social development. The ideal of Socialism is proletariat and the constantly follow the party; however, Marx never defined the final definition and limitation of Socialism. Supporters of Socialism declared that Socialism means a frequent changed and reformed society. Moreover, Lenin had been always taking the idea of Historical Development to interpret Socialism. Base on this point of view, we considered Socialism has clear ideal and object, but lack of specific formation and phases to archive it final goal. Thus, each State shall perform social reform based on its own condition and take “Communist Society” as final goal.
This thesis also analyzed the power transferring background of Cuba and its future development. When Raúl was given the commanding power in Cuba, the Post-Castro period was also initiated. However, there is no doubt that Cuba will keep on its Socialism path under Raúl’s regime for a slowly reform under Socialism was promised. Moreover, Cuba Communism had clarified that “Insisting Socialism Path is not equal to not welling to change” and they believe that reforming has to be operated steady with caution, and must base on specific condition of each nation; it is not suitable to just copy the experiences and the manners of other nations.