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    Title: 國際刑事司法互助之引渡制度在拉美的實踐
    Other Titles: The practice of extradition on international legal assistance in criminal matters : a case study in Latin America
    Authors: 楊佳蓉;Yang, Chia-jung
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    陳雅鴻;Chen, Yea-hong
    Keywords: 引渡;國際刑法;國際刑事司法互助;拉丁美洲;皮諾契;藤森;Extradition;international criminal law;international legal assistance in criminal matters;Latin America;Pinochet;Fujimori
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2010-09-23 15:11:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 藉由全球化之平台,世界各國或人民之間均得以產生更為緊密的互動關係,國家疆界的藩籬業無法侷限犯罪者的活動範圍,復以跨國犯罪與日俱增的情況,亦使得犯罪模式愈加龐雜。據此,為遏止此等犯罪的持續發生,交付人犯予引渡請求國,使其接受應有的法律制裁,更是國家實行引渡的主要目的。

    引渡係具有高度國家主權之行為,其過程中必然會牽涉各國之利益,從而影響渠等間的國際外交關係。尤有甚者,大多數拉美國家對於引渡請求的審核機制係採用司法與行政機關共同參與的折衷審核制,藉此決定何者擁有最後裁量是否引渡的權力。於是乎,政治因素、人權、法律政策等考量,無可避免地成為左右被請求國准否引渡的影響原因。

    為達到提昇引渡實踐的效力,實有必要加以了解拉美普遍阻礙引渡程序的情況。據此,本研究即以個案研究之方式,輔以拉美特殊的歷史與國情發展,希冀藉此提出適合拉美國家援用的改善辦法。
    The interaction of international community had been highly increased in recent years due to the globalization, which, in other hand, increases the frequency of the mobility of fugitive offender from one nation to another. Therefore, in order to prevent and reduce the transnational organized crime, to extradite fugitive offender to the requesting state for the purpose of prosecution, is also the major motivation for States to initiate extradition.

    However, various uncertain non-legal factors existed and involved within the process of extradition, which turned to be one of the major reasons that determines a successful extradition. Especially the treaties and municipal law for extradition among most of Latin America countries are very often a combination system that involved by both institutions of judicial and executive, which makes it inevasible for the extradition process to take the factors e.g., Politics, Human Right, Policies, and Laws and so on into consideration.

    In order to obtain more practical understanding about the practice of extradition in Latin America countries, it is necessary to study the external factors which would influence the decision making of their judiciary or administrative authorities on the matter of extradition. After that, this thesis would combine case analysis, relevant documents of history and of states development of Latin America countries, to conclude an appropriate suggestion for improving and strengthening their extradition practice.
    Appears in Collections:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文

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