The interaction of international community had been highly increased in recent years due to the globalization, which, in other hand, increases the frequency of the mobility of fugitive offender from one nation to another. Therefore, in order to prevent and reduce the transnational organized crime, to extradite fugitive offender to the requesting state for the purpose of prosecution, is also the major motivation for States to initiate extradition.
However, various uncertain non-legal factors existed and involved within the process of extradition, which turned to be one of the major reasons that determines a successful extradition. Especially the treaties and municipal law for extradition among most of Latin America countries are very often a combination system that involved by both institutions of judicial and executive, which makes it inevasible for the extradition process to take the factors e.g., Politics, Human Right, Policies, and Laws and so on into consideration.
In order to obtain more practical understanding about the practice of extradition in Latin America countries, it is necessary to study the external factors which would influence the decision making of their judiciary or administrative authorities on the matter of extradition. After that, this thesis would combine case analysis, relevant documents of history and of states development of Latin America countries, to conclude an appropriate suggestion for improving and strengthening their extradition practice.