English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 58323/91876 (63%)
造访人次 : 14060326      在线人数 : 57
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 查询小技巧:
  • 您可在西文检索词汇前后加上"双引号",以获取较精准的检索结果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜寻,建议至进阶搜寻限定作者字段,可获得较完整数据
  • 进阶搜寻


    jsp.display-item.identifier=請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/51383


    题名: The Indonesian military reform 1998-2009 : securitization and desecuritization dynamics
    其它题名: 印尼軍事改革 : 政策安全化與去安全化的激盪
    作者: 楊專;Kasim, Yandry kurniawan
    贡献者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    林中斌;Lin, Chong-pin
    关键词: 印尼軍事改革;安全化理論;政策安全化;去安全化;Indonesia’s Military Reform;Securitization Theory;Securitization;Desecuritization;democratic transition
    日期: 2010
    上传时间: 2010-09-23 15:10:11 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文主要探討1998至2009年期間印尼軍事改革的不穩定性。藉由社會建構理論中的安全化理論,本文主張印尼軍事改革中安全化與去安全化皆造成某種程度上的進步與(或)退化。然而,安全化理論對於安全與不安全變動的解釋及其重要性的皆未曾被應用在解釋印尼軍事改革,這是本文對於學術最主要的貢獻。
    本文研究指出,第一、安全化(政治停擺中因應緊急的方法))是一個經常的選項當去安全化(將安全議題轉換為其他議題)失效時。第二、去安全化的選項時總是面臨著持續的挑戰,因此,安全化的作為顯然成為理所當然的選項。因此,在該國軍事改革總是被打折扣的。第三,去安全化非能在一個脆弱的政府中實行。去安全化的作為是避免不需軍事支持強勢領導人的專斷。第四,印尼的軍事改革真實的發生成效,印尼的情形亦可成為其他國家做為一種經驗。
    最後,本文最主要的將是,沒有一種軍事解決方案可以完全解決國內的動盪不安。最主要的問題在於,政治上、經濟上及社會上的原因。軍事上的解決應被視為一系列的方式,當行政部門失效時,經由政治上的協商去理解問題、去解決它、去防止問題繼續昇高。政治上的交往互動可以被視為一種選項。但這必須被理解的十,軍事介入是暫時性的,主要在於終止暴力衝突,為一種機制,提供空間做為衝突解決的方案。
    This research examines the impact of instability during democratic transition on military reform in Indonesia between 1998 and 2009. By applying securitization theory, which has a root in social constructivist paradigm, this research argues that both the act of securitization and desecuritization have played a certain degree of impact over the progress and/or regress of the Indonesian military reform. Arguably, the use of securitization theory, explanation on securitization – desecuritization dynamics, and the significant role of desecuritization has been never employed in explaining military reform in Indonesia. That would be the main contribution of this research.
    As its findings, first, this research shows that the act of securitization (enabling emergency measures and the suspension of normal politics) has always been an option when every attempt for desecuritization (removing issues from security agenda) failed. Second, options for desecuritization had always faced constant challenges therefore options for securitization had seemingly become unavoidable. Consequently, this fact has discounted the progress of military reform in the country. Third, the act of desecuritization is not compatible with a weak government whose pursue military support. The act of desecuritization would be in case if the government led by a strong leadership, which is identified by its independency from military support to stay in power. Fourth, however, the Indonesian military reform indeed took a place. Some achievement could be underlined and Indonesia’s position among countries having similar experience could also be set up.
    Finally, the main message of this research would be: there is no military solution for any domestic unrest. The main problem is not laid in military matter but more in political, economics, and socio-cultural realm. The use of military to solve this problem should be regarded as a series of civilian institutions’ failure to acknowledge the problem, to manage it, to prevent it from becoming escalated, and to solve it within normal political bargaining process. As the last resort, military engagement might be considered as an option. But, it has to be understood that military intervention should be temporary in nature, aimed to end the violence conflict, conducted in order to provide a room for peaceful conflict solution mechanism, and in accordance with just war principles.
    显示于类别:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

    文件中的档案:

    档案 大小格式浏览次数
    index.html0KbHTML441检视/开启

    在機構典藏中所有的数据项都受到原著作权保护.

    TAIR相关文章

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - 回馈