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    题名: The Indonesian military reform 1998-2009 : securitization and desecuritization dynamics
    其它题名: 印尼軍事改革 : 政策安全化與去安全化的激盪
    作者: 楊專;Kasim, Yandry kurniawan
    贡献者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    林中斌;Lin, Chong-pin
    关键词: 印尼軍事改革;安全化理論;政策安全化;去安全化;Indonesia’s Military Reform;Securitization Theory;Securitization;Desecuritization;democratic transition
    日期: 2010
    上传时间: 2010-09-23 15:10:11 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文主要探討1998至2009年期間印尼軍事改革的不穩定性。藉由社會建構理論中的安全化理論,本文主張印尼軍事改革中安全化與去安全化皆造成某種程度上的進步與(或)退化。然而,安全化理論對於安全與不安全變動的解釋及其重要性的皆未曾被應用在解釋印尼軍事改革,這是本文對於學術最主要的貢獻。
    This research examines the impact of instability during democratic transition on military reform in Indonesia between 1998 and 2009. By applying securitization theory, which has a root in social constructivist paradigm, this research argues that both the act of securitization and desecuritization have played a certain degree of impact over the progress and/or regress of the Indonesian military reform. Arguably, the use of securitization theory, explanation on securitization – desecuritization dynamics, and the significant role of desecuritization has been never employed in explaining military reform in Indonesia. That would be the main contribution of this research.
    As its findings, first, this research shows that the act of securitization (enabling emergency measures and the suspension of normal politics) has always been an option when every attempt for desecuritization (removing issues from security agenda) failed. Second, options for desecuritization had always faced constant challenges therefore options for securitization had seemingly become unavoidable. Consequently, this fact has discounted the progress of military reform in the country. Third, the act of desecuritization is not compatible with a weak government whose pursue military support. The act of desecuritization would be in case if the government led by a strong leadership, which is identified by its independency from military support to stay in power. Fourth, however, the Indonesian military reform indeed took a place. Some achievement could be underlined and Indonesia’s position among countries having similar experience could also be set up.
    Finally, the main message of this research would be: there is no military solution for any domestic unrest. The main problem is not laid in military matter but more in political, economics, and socio-cultural realm. The use of military to solve this problem should be regarded as a series of civilian institutions’ failure to acknowledge the problem, to manage it, to prevent it from becoming escalated, and to solve it within normal political bargaining process. As the last resort, military engagement might be considered as an option. But, it has to be understood that military intervention should be temporary in nature, aimed to end the violence conflict, conducted in order to provide a room for peaceful conflict solution mechanism, and in accordance with just war principles.
    显示于类别:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文


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