筆者在此論文將會分析烏克蘭對克里米亞政策的歷史演變過程。關於克里米亞自治共和國的地方歷史發展和自治特性也會詳實研究，藉上述研究點出克里米亞在烏克蘭內外政策中之地位。本研究的結論中指出尤申科政府的親西方政策與西方試圖取得克里米亞的控制權是失敗的，且整個烏克蘭的政策措施都必須要再次進行改制。近來烏克蘭新的議會與總統的選舉結果出爐之後，已著手進行整體政策上的改變，而未來烏克蘭的對外走向將會特別引人注目。 Abstract： The relations between Ukraine and Russia have always been quite complicated with many thorny issues for both sides. Ukraine until 1991 had neither political independence nor clear national identity and was not considered an important factor in the political strategy of the USSR. But after the collapse of the Soviet Union Ukraine suddenly gained strategically crucial position between Europe and Russia. As a result, Ukraine’s foreign policy was heavily influenced by various external factors.
The main goal of Ukraine’s policy became the strengthening of her sovereignty and territorial integrity. The status of Crimea has quickly become the main issue in the political tug-of-war between Russia and Ukraine. Crimea has been literally handed over by Russia to Ukraine (at that time both autonomous republics in the USSR) in 1954 as a gift commemorating 300th anniversary of their “eternal friendship”. This event immediately sparked the controversy after 1991. Within Crimea, whose absolute majority of population is Russian, a separatist movement emerged. Another issue was the Russian naval base in Sevastopol. The NATO’s eastward expansion and president Yushchenko’s willingness to join the block further aggravated situation. The Russian population of Crimea strongly protested against anti-Russian politics of Yushchenko.
The author analyzes the historical evolution of Ukraine’s policy in relation to Crimea. Crimean local development, including the nature of the autonomous Crimean republic is also studied in detail. This research leads to the conclusion that pro-western policy of Yushchenko’s government and the latter’s attempt to secure a firm control over Crimea has failed and the whole setting of Ukraine’s politics must be “reloaded”. This in fact is happening after latest parliamentary and presidential elections. Ukraine’s trend of foreign policy especially will be noticeable in the future.