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    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/51342

    題名: 俄羅斯退休金制度改革與中東歐國家之比較分析
    其他題名: A comparative analysis between Russia’s pension system reform and those in Central and Eastern European countries
    作者: 施玉婕;Shih, Yu-chieh
    貢獻者: 淡江大學俄羅斯研究所碩士班
    關鍵詞: 退休金制度;俄羅斯;中東歐國家;Pension System;Russia;Central and Eastern European Countries
    日期: 2010
    上傳時間: 2010-09-23 15:03:33 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 20世紀90年代,俄羅斯與中東歐國家的捷克、匈牙利以及波蘭,皆歷經政治與經濟變革,由於受到經濟改革與人口結構之影響,使得原先社會保障制度已無法適應的社經變化,為延續退休金制度的永續發展,俄羅斯與捷克、匈牙利以及波蘭先後進行退休金制度改革。

    In the 1990s, Russia and Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, three countries in Central and Eastern Europe, experienced economic and political changes. As their original social security systems couldn’t meet socio-economic changes due to the impact from economic reforms and population structures, and in order to continue the sustainable development of pension systems, these four countries had successively made pension system reforms.

    Under the background that Russia has similar political and economic reforms with Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, this study didn’t only explore the historical development, contents and lacks in each country’s system, but also tried to know the similarities and differences of the new systems after reform with the old ones through comparative analyses. By means of comparative analyses, this study reached the following main conclusions: (1) All of the system reforms were turned into multi-pillar from single-pillar, and adopted the dual-structure paralleling old and new systems; (2) Russia, Czech and Poland defined the participants based on age, while Hungary defined the standard based on the time of entering labor market; (3) The supervision authority was structured into two levels, with one in charge of system planning and supervision, and the other specially in charge of the supervision operations of fund companies; (4) Except Russia, Czech, Hungary and Poland had adjusted their statutory retirement age. Besides, Russia and Poland have greatest differences in statutory retirement age defined by gender, followed by Czech Republic. But Hungary has no difference in it; (5) Russia and Hungary are confronted with the issue of over-concentrated investment from fund companies; (6) In order to encourage laborers to participate in voluntary retirement insurance planning, these four countries provide relevant schemes on tax preference or subsidies.
    顯示於類別:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文


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