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|Title: ||中共政治繼承之制度化研究 : 從權力鬥爭到和平轉移|
|Other Titles: ||A study of institutionalization of China's political succession : from a power struggle to a peaceful transfer|
|Authors: ||劉為玉;Liu, Wei-yu|
|Keywords: ||中共;政治繼承;權力轉移;制度化;CCP;political succession;Power transition;Institutionalization|
|Issue Date: ||2010-09-23 15:02:12 (UTC+8)|
From the founding of Communist China''s political history until the 1980s, almost a chaotic power struggle in the history of troubles. Communist countries, because of the instability of the power structure, unlike the democratic state has a law stipulates that the rules of political succession, and therefore the process of transition of power transfer is often accompanied by non-peaceful means, even violence and bloody struggles for power, causing political and national social unrest, the Chinese Communist high-level political system of inheritance patterns and the evolution of the form has been a study of Chinese Communist Chinese and foreign scholars are concerned about political issues.
Until 2002, when Jiang Zemin smoothly handing over power to Hu Jintao on 16th Party Congress, China''s political history was the first time in the first retirement security designated successor. Later ,Jiang was handed over the presidency of the Central Military Commission to Hu Jintao in the Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th National Congress on April 2004 , Hu was a formal set of military and political power, Jiang Zemin has also unloaded all the relevant posts, the core of leadership to withdraw from the political arena , beyond the past, Chinese leaders "do dying," the old political tradition, the communist regime thus can be said to have completed a historic first comprehensive and peaceful transfer.
What kind of factors that make the CCP''s political power struggle in the counter tends to moderate, and thus allow the Communists to high-level model of the transfer of power from the continuing violence in half a century-style struggle for power, conflict, and gradually evolved into the echelon is now peaceful and orderly succession? What is the impact of Chinese Communist leaders during the political succession process? CCP''s power and whether it has really made the succession towards the institutionalization of development? For this article from a historical point of view and the related theory, to explore the changing pattern of China''s political succession, and the impact of China''s political succession of the various factors and analysis of possible future developments and variables.
This paper is divided into sections of non-institutionalized during the Mao Zedong-style struggle for power during the violence, and the gradual institutionalization of the post-Deng succession of two stages of the political order to the respective period of high-level political inheritance patterns and characteristics of research assumptions and verification, look for China''s political the institutionalization of the succession process of development.
The results showed that the institutionalization of political succession is characterized by a period of institutional norms play and follow practices; leaders of the background and the core of power based on a different, resulting in the weakening of political factions and strongmen; gradual political succession and the collective leadership to strengthen, as well as the struggle to reduce the level. However, in the process of institutionalization there are still many problems, such as high-level no explicit term limits, when and how his successor be elected and the culture, the general secretary shall serve when he can not bear the heavy responsibility and resigned, or fill vacancies in accordance with what program and so no clear laws and regulations, but also have to wait for the future to further improve and complement, than the deepening of China''s political system in the direction of the succession could be towards stability and development.
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文|
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