|摘要: ||中共所謂的「海峽西岸經濟區」（以下簡稱「海西區」）概念是針對海峽東岸台灣而提出的。「海西區」在地域上是指以福建福州、廈門、泉州為中心，以閩東南地區為主體，北起浙江溫州，南至廣東汕頭的台灣海峽西部的海域與陸地地區。此一概念始於福建在1995年首次提出的建設「海峽西岸繁榮帶」，2003年9月則正式提出「海峽西岸經濟區」的名稱。為此中共福建省委曾於2004年11月15日發佈「海峽西岸經濟區建設綱要(試行) 」以及「關於發展壯大中心城市的若干意見(試行)」、「關於加快產業集聚培育產業集群的若干意見(試行)」兩個相關配套措施，揭櫫「海西區」建設的重要意義、總體要求和戰略目標。|
Taiwan is no doubt the main reason behind China’s proposal of the Economic Zone West of the Taiwan Strait, hereafter referred to as Haixi region. Geographically, the Haixi region includes areas ranging from Wenzhou, Zhejian province from the north, to waters and inlands of Shantou, Guangdong, west of Taiwan Strait to the south, which take Fujian’s Fuzhou, Xiamen and Chuanzhou as its centers of development. The concept was first raised by Fujian’s program of the Prosperous Belt West of Taiwan Strait in 1995. The name of the Economic Zone West of the Taiwan Strait came officially proposed in September 2003. Accordingly, Fujian provincial government released the Outlines for Construction of the Economic Zone West of the Taiwan Strait, the Opinions for Developing and Strengthening Major Cities, and the Opinions for Accelerating the Gathering of Industries and Cultivating Industry Groupings, to highlight the importance of constructing the Haixi region as well as to set up general requirement and strategic goals.
October 11, 2005, the 5th Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the CPC reviewed and passed the CPC Politbureau’s suggestion on the 11th Five-Year Plan about formulating the development of the national economy and society, to include the Haixi region as a part of the 11th Five-Year Plan, and use the region as a leverage to promote cross-strait relations and reunification. Later on November 5, the 10th Plenary of the 7th Provincial Committee of Fujian also gave green light to the Provincial Party’s suggestion on the 11th Five-Year Plan about formulating the development of the provincial economy and society. The provincial committee stressed that the Haixi region was a joint decision and shared strategy between the central and local governments and was going to be included in the 12th Five-Year Plan as well.
January 12 to 16, 2006, right after China unveiled its 11th Five-Year Plan, PRC President Hu Jintao went to Fujian province on an inspection trip and met with Taiwanese businessmen working in Mainland China. Hu’s visit meant that the PRC government thought highly of the Haixi region and would render as much support as possible. It also showed that China would step up related planning and construction works and that Haixi region made Hu’s priority strategy towards Taiwan. Nevertheless, Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping told Taiwan President’s representative, Dr. Fredric Chien, at the Boao Forum in Hainan, that the experimental practice of ECFA in Haixi region would help turn the region into a center for cultivating key indusries. Since China’s goal is to integrate interaction with Taiwan into a regional mechanism, we cannot rule out the possibility that China might launch its United Front campaign towards Taiwanese people, especially the southern Taiwanese, in order to attract industries from southern Taiwan to invest in the Haixi region. In this regard, Fujian province would come up with new economic policies towards Taiwan so as to offer even more attractive incentives to Taiwanese businessmen. Continuous academic attention and efforts are required to maintain a close observation of the issue’s future development.