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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/51282

    Title: 中共政治菁英培養之研究
    Other Titles: The study of the Chinese communist party cultivated in political elites
    Authors: 王文澤;Wang, Wen-tser
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    張五岳;Chang, Wu-yueh
    Keywords: 政治菁英、幹部四化、技術專家、梯隊接班、劃線離退;幹部四化;技術專家;梯隊接班;劃線離退;Political elite;Cadre four modernizations;Technical expert;The echelon takes over;The lineation to step down
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2010-09-23 15:01:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 事物的客觀存在與發展,不以人的主觀意志為轉移。按照馬克思主義哲學觀點,任何事物,無論是自然、社會、歷史,還是人類思維,都存在不以人的主觀意志為轉移的客觀規律。在認識規律、把握規律、並按照規律去觀察事物的前提下,才能正確發展人類主觀意志本身的創造性。而事務內部的矛盾不斷產生、運動和解決的過程就是「發展」。舊的矛盾解決後,新的矛盾又因之而產生。往復循環,事物按此規律螺旋式向前發展,「矛盾」即為發展的動力。
    The objective existence does not transfer with subjective will. According to Marxist philosophy, nothing transfers with human’s subjective will no matter on science, social studies, history, or human thoughts. In the understanding rule, the assurance rule, and in terms of the rule, can develop the human subjective will of creativeness correctly. But the affairs internal contradiction unceasingly with the movement and the solution process is “development”. The old contradiction was solved, with the result that the new one would be come up. The affairs develop with spiral type forward according to this rule, repeatedly, “contradictory” namely for development power.
    Thus, by observing the political elites cultivated model in the central of Chinese Communist Party could discover the model of the central, has swayed in the contradiction between “the ideology orientation” and “the technical specialized orientation” all along since establishing the government. The Chinese Communist Party recover the postwar economy in new democracy time, with the aim of being socialism fast, has begun using a lot of technical specialized bureaucrat; this time “the technical specialized orientation” has exceeded “the ideology orientation” slightly. In Three Red Flag times, it had intense struggle between “the ideology” and “the expert”, and had the victory mutually. But in the Cultural Revolution time, “the ideology” had substituted “the expert” completely, also had caused Mainland China turbulent politics and depressed economy. After reform and open policy, the central of Chinese Communist Party had cultivated political elites from technical specialized bureaucracy in order to reconstruct rational bureaucracy of Mainland China; “the expert” had got ahead “the ideology” for the time being.
    But, it is noteworthy that the central of Chinese Communist Party cultivates political elites in present age, “the ideology” is not opposite of “the expert” or exclusion completely but infiltration and dialectic relations mutually. Mainland China emphasizes economic development currently, and therefore needs the massive technical experts. However, the political objective only draws back the inferior position, not be substituted completely. In the cultivated process, it is still important estimate standard regarding the purity of “party character”,” party morality”, and the loyalty of “insisted that Chinese Communist Party leads”, “insisted Chinese characteristic socialism”.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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