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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/51204

    Title: 日本職業性別隔離
    Other Titles: Occupational segregation by gender in Japan
    Authors: 陳嘉燕;Chen, Chia-yen
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 人力資本論;雙元勞動市場論;統計上的歧視;職掌別人事制度;男女雇用機會均等法;性別角色;家事勞動;Human capital;dual labor market theory;statistical discrimination;two-track administration system;Equal Employment Opportunity Law;the gender role explanation;domestic labor;人的資本論;二重労働市場;統計的差別理論;コース別人事制度;男女雇用機会均等法;性別角色;家事労働
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2010-09-24
    Abstract: 日本的生育率低於人口替代率,死亡率也急速驟降,對此現象,一般所憂慮的是未來的勞動力將無法支撐迅速成長的老人人口。對日本而言,在短期之內迅速增加勞動力規模的最佳方式為提高女性的勞動力參與率,但是職業性別隔離是不利於女性進入勞動市場的因素之一。
    In Japan, fertility rates have been below the level that leads to replacement of one generation by the next. In the same time, mortality rates have also fallen sharply. A common concern is that a future labor force may not be able to support the rapidly growing elderly population.
    For Japan, the most effective way to deal with the fall in labor supply in the short term is to increase the labor force participation rates of Japanese women. But the occupational segregation by gender is a factor that obstructs women into the labor market.
    Gender inequality in the labor market still persists even in advanced industrial societies. Women are generally less likely to hold positions of responsibility; women tend to be segregated into a narrower range of occupations; and women are paid less. Women are always segregated into “female job.”
    This study, use theories of human capital, dual labor market theory and statistical discrimination to explain why occupational segregation by gender persisted. It also discussed the “two-track” administration system which the special employment management system in Japan.
    On the other hand, the Equal Employment Opportunity Law has applied for 24 years since 1986. The fact is that existing wage gap between women and men, stemming largely from the difference in type of work, horizontal and vertical employment segregation as implied by the “two-track” administration system. A high percentage of women in part-time work whose salaries are lower than those working in a regular situation. This article has explained what occupational segregation by gender is in the special case of Japan.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Asian Studies] Thesis

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