淡江大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/51185
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    Title: 民權運動與黑人權力-以60年代黑豹黨為例
    Other Titles: The U.S. civil right movement and black power - a case study of black panther party in the 1960s
    Authors: 顏郁惠;Yen, Yu-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    紀舜傑;Ji, Shun-jie
    Keywords: 黑豹黨;黑人權力;黑人民族主義;Black Panther Party;black power;black nationalism
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-09-23 14:46:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 黑豹黨成立於1966年,在創辦人紐頓的帶領下,想要用革命,推翻美國長期以來的資本主義,而後給予黑人和弱勢族群,一個公平的機會與社會。1960年代,美國的民權運動如火如荼的進行著,在學生運動和反戰浪潮的推波助瀾之下,黑豹黨在加州奧克蘭成立總部,而後在全美各地設有分部,並且吸引了許多年輕人的參與,形成既金恩博士與麥爾坎X後,新一代的黑人精神和黑人權力指標。
    The Black Panther Party was founded in 1966 by Huey P. Newton, and its goal was to overthrow capitalism through a revolution. If the revolution had success, the Black Panther Party would like to establish a fair society which could provide equal opportunities for every citizen. Since 1960s, the Civil Right Movement had been acting like a raging fire spread all over the United States, along with the student movement and the anti-war movement. Before long, the Black Panther Party appeared as new icon of black power. Under these circumstances, many young people decided to become members of the Black Panther Party, and fight for their own freedom.
    Newton had been immersed in left-wing ideologies, and he adopted different thinking and tactics from some great thinkers. For instance, the idea of lumpenproletariat was widely used in the party. The Panthers believed that the people in a low stratum of society could be the sweeping force against the authority. This was the hard power the Panthers had used. At the same time, the Panthers embraced the part of soft power in road of the revolution. They had plenty of plans and designs for communities, providing assistance and help for black people and the minorities.
    Thanks to the media, the Black Panther Party was getting well-known both inside and outside the U.S. Therefore, the government became aware of this phenomenon, and then tried to diminish the Panthers’ influences. Besides the government’s invasion, the Panthers encountered internal revolts as well. In this complex situation, the Black Panther Party began to fade.
    As time passed, the Black Panther Party was no longer being in the spotlight. However, the devotion of black power and impact of left ideologies the Panthers had once shown could not be denied. In a nutshell, the Black Panther Party aroused black consciousness and advanced black nationalism, the Party let people hear difference voices of the United States in the 1960s.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of the Americas] Thesis

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