淡江大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/51179
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    题名: 不平等結盟之履行:小布希政府對中華民國軍售
    其它题名: The implementation of unequal alliances: Bush administration's arms sales to R.O.C.
    作者: 林毓婕;Lin, Yu-chieh
    贡献者: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    林郁方
    关键词: 結盟;軍售;美國;Arms Sales;alliances
    日期: 2010
    上传时间: 2010-09-23 14:45:40 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文以國際體系理論、結盟理論及決策理論貫穿全文,旨在探討影響不平等結盟履行的因素。藉由小布希政府對中華民國軍售的案例研究,分析美國如何履行美臺之間不平等的結盟。
    首先,探討國際體系對小布希政府對臺軍售所造成的影響。冷戰結束後,國際體系已成為「單極為主的多極體系」,美國成為唯一的超級強權;然而,在小布希主政時期,中共已逐漸成為國際間的經濟大國。中共的國防預算隨著經濟能力的攀升而急速擴增。龐大的國防經費使中共具有直接威脅美國本土的能力,使美國擔憂它國際霸權地位的不保。另一方面,911事件之後,經貿和反恐等國際議題上,美國又亟需中共的協助。在上述兩方面的矛盾下,探討出國際體系對於不平等結盟之履行所造成的影響。
    其次,藉由決策理論分析小布希總統主政時期,國內各種政治力量的互動是如何影響美國對臺軍售的決策。美國總統,國安會、國務院及國防部對於決策的影響力極大,此外,美國屬於三權分立的國家,國會的影響力也不容忽視。作為民主國家的美國,在外交政策的制定及執行上也必須順從民意,美國民眾重視自由與民主的傳統價值,也會影響美國對臺軍售的決策。
    綜合上述,本論文從國際體系的變化、國內政治力量的互動以及結盟國家間權力的不平等三者分析不平等結盟的履行。
    This thesis aims to analyze the factors that influence the implementation of unequal alliances by applying international relations theories, alliance theory, as well as the decision-making theory. Through the case study of the George W. Bush administration’s arms sales to Taiwan, one can have a better understanding on how and what influence the unequal alliance between the U.S. and Taiwan.
    First of all, the thesis illustrates the international system’s influences on U.S. arms sales to Taiwan. After the Cold War, the international system has shifted from bipolar to “uni-multipolar,” and the U.S. remains the sole superpower; however, within only two decades, China has risen as a worthy opponent who threatens the U.S. economically and militarily. The outbreak of the 9/11 terrorist attacks have made the U.S. more dependent on China’s and international support to counter terrorism. From these aspects will this thesis analyze the impacts of international factors on the unequal alliance’s implementation.
    Secondly, this thesis examines how the U.S. domestic politics affects the outcome of arms sales to Taiwan through Graham Allison’s decision-making theory. Among the opinions of leading organizations, the White House, National Security Council, and Departments of State and Defense, the Congress’s role as representative of public opinions must also be taken into considerations while the leading organizations shape the U.S.’s foreign policy.
    Finally, through the aspects of changes of international system, the U.S. domestic politics and the unequal distribution of power among allied countries will this thesis analyze the implementation of unequal alliances.
    显示于类别:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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