Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
This brief describes an ultralow-voltage phase-locked loop (PLL) using a bulk-driven technique. The architecture of the proposed PLL employs the bulk-input technique to produce a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) and the forward-body-bias scheme to produce a divider. This approach effectively reduces the threshold voltage of the MOSFETs, enabling the PLL to be operated at an ultralow voltage. The chip is fabricated in a 0.13-mum standard CMOS process with a 0.5-V power supply voltage. The measurement results demonstrate that this PLL can operate from 360 to 610 MHz with a 0.5-V power supply voltage. At 550 MHz, the measured root-mean-square jitter and peak-to-peak jitter are 8.01 and 56.36 ps, respectively. The total power consumption of the PLL is 1.25 mW, and the active die area of the PLL is 0.04 mm2.
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs 56(5), pp.339-343