An analysis is presented, which describes the isothermal ternary diffusion process encountered in the formation of the aliphatic polyamide membranes such as Nylon-66 by direct immersion-precipitation of a polymeric solution in a nonsolvent bath. A material coordinate is employed to derive the mass transfer equations for the membrane solution. The convective mass transfer in the coagulation bath is taken into account by solving the hydrodynamic boundary layer equations. Diffusion coefficients were measured and used to deduce ternary phenomenological coefficients. The computed results are found to agree with measured precipitation times and with membrane morphologies observed by scanning electron photomicrographs.
Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics 33(2), pp.223-235