The purpose of this study was to investigate information literacy for preservice teachers in elementary schools. The subjects were 497 students drawing from teacher education schools in Taiwan. The independent variable were preservice teachers' gender, academic degree, majors, schools and prior experience of using computer, and dependent variable was information literacy. Data were analyzed though t-tests and one-way ANOVA. Results indicated that preservice teachers' gender, facilities and resources, hours per week of surfing internet, and the courses taken about computers on educational application all had significant influence on those preservice teachers' on information literacy.