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    Title: Symptom distress changes during first postoperative month in newly diagnosed Taiwanese breast cancer patients : A longitudinal study
    Authors: Wang, Shu-yi;Lee, Ching-wen;Chang, Yue-cune;張玉坤;Lin, Chia-chin
    Contributors: 淡江大學數學學系
    Date: 2005-07
    Issue Date: 2010-01-28
    Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
    Abstract: The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore changes in symptom distress in newly diagnosed Taiwanese breast cancer patients during the initial 4-week postoperative period. The research instruments, including a demographic questionnaire and the Symptom Distress Scale, were used to obtain data on postoperative day 2 and at weeks 2, 3, and 4. In total, 39 patients with a mean age of 48 years participated in this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t tests, one-way ANOVA, and repeated-measures ANOVA. Results revealed that the level of symptom distress significantly decreased from postoperative day 2 to week 4. Loss of appetite and a poor outlook increased; nausea frequency, fatigue, and insomnia decreased then increased; and frequency and the level of pain, coughing, tightness/tenderness in the chest wall, weakness, and numbness in the arm of the operative side all decreased over the 4-week study period. Age, stage of disease, and type of surgery were all related to symptom distress. Results of this study may provide reassurances about what can be expected after breast cancer surgery.
    Relation: Cancer Nursing 28(4), pp.263-269
    Appears in Collections:[數學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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