The purpose of this study was to describe women’s expectations about childbirth and women’s birth experience, and thereby to explore the relationship between women’s childbirth expectations and experience. Structural questionnaires were used. Two hundred and fifteen subjects were selected by convenience sampling from the obstetric out patients and postpartum wards at a medical center and a regional hospital in Taipei. The results were as follows: (1) The women’s first three expectations about childbirth were “support from husband/partner”, “support from nurses”, and “coping with pain during labor and birth”. (2) The first three positive feelings toward the birth experience were “touching the baby for the first time”, “partner’s participation”, and “using equipment during labor”. (3) There was correlation between women’s expectations about childbirth and their birth experience. (4) Women’s childbirth expectations were influenced by the husband’s support during pregnancy and the husband’s education. (5) Women’s birth experience was influenced by the number of pregnancies, past birth evaluation, this birth evaluation, expectation about method of delivery, and duration of labor. The results of this study will not only help us to better understand women’s expectations about childbirth and birth experience, and related factors, but also provide health care professionals with useful information for their clinic practice.