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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/40108


    Title: 先秦至兩漢被動式句法探究
    Other Titles: Passive Constructions in Ancient Chinese Texts
    Authors: 王麗華
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學學系
    Keywords: 施事者;述語;受事者;助動詞;介詞
    Date: 2006-09
    Issue Date: 2013-03-12 12:39:21 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 臺北縣:淡江大學
    Abstract: 先秦與兩漢表現被動句,可以用標誌,也可以不用標誌。不用標誌者,須憑文義判斷,有時可能出現主動與被動用同一個字表現,若未依文義,則難分辨。而有標誌者,則易別之。其時所用之標誌,包括助動詞「見」、「受」、「被」、「為」、「所」,及介詞「於」、「于」、「乎」、「為」、「在」。
    先秦被動式範圍較兩漢為小,及至兩漢,範圍漸次擴大,且有標誌亦較多。從初始之主動句與被動句無別,至春秋以後,以表被動之助動詞與介詞為標誌,展現被動句式,主動句與被動句遂於分辨上較無困難。
    本文除先秦、兩漢之書,尚佐以魏晉、唐宋、清之詩、文及書為例句,採條例式比對用法,以明其使用與演進之情形。
    Relation: 淡江人文社會學刊=Tamkang Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 27,頁1-41
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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