This article is an investigation into the Ming Dynasty's senior citizen honorary system, by which a respected old man was given a hat by the emperor. This article is composed of three parts: firstly the evolution of this system, secondly the election of the "honorable aged gentlemen" and its abuses, and thirdly the interplay between the local governments and local elites. The counterpart system of the Qing Dynasty will be mentioned briefly in the Conclusions. The system of "Honorable Aged Gentlemen" was invented in 1458, which was a title given by the emperor out of his own charity. Throughout the Ming Dynasty, the honorary title was given only 19 times. Since the honored ones were selected by local governments. We can view it as kind of interplay between the local officials and local elites.