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    题名: PHB多孔性薄膜之製備及表面改質
    作者: 鄭廖平;洪漢祥;林達鎔;陳慶鍾;董崇民
    贡献者: 淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
    关键词: 生物可分解性高分子;聚丁基烷酯;多孔型薄膜;電漿表面改質;Biodegradable polymer;Poly(hydroxybutyrate);Porous membrane;Modification by plasma polymerization
    日期: 2004-02-21
    上传时间: 2010-01-11 11:22:51 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究以浸漬相轉換法製備生物可分解性高分子-聚丁基烷酯(Poly(hydroxybutyrate;PHB)之多孔型薄膜,並應用電漿誘導接枝將薄膜表面改質使薄膜表面功能化。PHB薄膜之製備以氯仿為溶劑,乙醇為非溶劑。首先製作ethanol-chloroform-PHB成膜系統之相圖,利用其選定適當製膜液組成,並藉由改變製膜液之配製溫度,製備不同結構之薄膜。薄膜之孔隙結構、結晶性、機械強度、滲水性等皆加以分析探討,以了解這些物性與製膜程序之關係。其次我們以電漿誘導聚合法將聚丙烯酸接枝在PHB薄膜表面上,並由改變接枝條件如電漿處理時間、電漿功率、接枝反應時間、單體濃度等獲取最佳接枝條件,結果顯示最大接枝量可達0.48 mg/cm2。
    In this research, porous membranes of a biodegradable polymer, poly(hydroxybutyrate), were synthesized and the surfaces of which were modified by plasma-induced polymerization so as to engender functionality to the membranes. Chloroform and ethanol were used as the solvent and nonsolvents, respectively, for membrane formation by the immersion precipitation method. Phase diagram of the ethanol-chloroform-PHB system was constructed; thereby appropriate dope composition was selected. Membranes with different structures were then prepared by changing the dope preparation temperature. The porous structure, crystalline character, mechanical strength, and water wettibility of the formed membranes were studied to understand the relationship between these properties and the membrane formation process. Plasma-induced polymerization method was employed to graft poly(acrylic acid) on the membrane surface. Various variables, viz., plasma treatment time, plasma power, grating reaction time, and monomer concentration were investigated and the largest grafting yield was found to be 0.48 mg/cm2 under optimal conditions.
    關聯: 2004高分子聯合會議:第二十七屆高分子研討會&九十三年高分子學會年會&九十三年國科會高分子學門研究成果發表會論文集,4頁
    显示于类别:[化學工程與材料工程學系暨研究所] 會議論文

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