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    题名: 高鐵橋梁基礎和鄰近地表振動反應分析
    其它题名: Analysis for Vibrations of Bridge-pier Pile Foundation and Ground Induced by High-Speed-Rail Trains
    作者: 張德文;鄭世豪;段永定;梁尹齡
    贡献者: 淡江大學土木工程學系
    关键词: 高速列車;地表振動;波動方程分析;主動控制;high-speed-rail trains;ground vibration;wave equation analysis;active control
    日期: 2005-12
    上传时间: 2010-01-11 10:30:27 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 臺北縣淡水鎮 : 淡江大學技術學院
    摘要: 高速列車所引致之噪音和振動問題甚為重要,其在軟弱地盤所造成的長週期波微動現象向為工程界所關注。本研究係以簡易有效之分析取代有限元素法,討論列車作用下橋墩基礎和鄰近土層振動反應。研究將橋墩和土壤-基礎拆解成個別之子結構模擬,並考慮上部橋梁結構和下部基礎地盤之力平衡性,藉以納入基礎柔度影響;同時配合土層衰減律求取鄰近地盤振動反應,並使用1/3 八音階寬頻分析和主動控制理論了解不同車速行經所造成之地表振動量和減振效益。研究發現:改變上部橋梁結構質量與勁度和其振動特性,對鄰近地表之振動反應、影響甚微,若欲減少地表振動,仍應以改善基礎構造及地質特性等方式較為有效。
    Noises and vibrations induced by high-speed-rail trains are important engineering issues. The micro ground vibrations of the long-period waves have received major attentions. This study presents a simplified but effective analysis for the train-induced vibrations of a bridge-pier-foundation and the near-by ground. While the superstructure is decomposed into a three DOF system, the under-ground foundation is modeled by a number of discrete elements using the wave equation analysis. Compatibility condition of the transmitting force between the superstructure and the foundation is satisfied, which provides the foundation flexibility to the analysis. The attenuation laws for waves propagating along the ground surface and 1/3 octave band spectrum are both adopted for the discussions. Effect of the foundation flexibility is discussed in order to conduct the active control analysis for the superstructure. This study found that improve the quality, stiffness and change the vibration characteristic of superstructure, could not influence the vibration reacts. The train-induced ground vibrations would be more pronounced at relatively high speeds, modifying the under-ground structure and improving the geological characteristic of the soils could more effectively reduce the ground vibrations.
    關聯: 2005兩岸鐵道工程技術與營運管理學術研討會論文集,頁233-252
    显示于类别:[土木工程學系暨研究所] 會議論文
    [營建系] 會議論文

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